What is textile technology?
Textile technology is a branch of engineering where scientific technologies are used for manufacturing and developing several varieties of fabric. Textile technology deals with the basic knowledge of fibre material, science and technologies relevant to fibre processing with product design and development. It involves the study of fibre science. Medical textiles, technical textiles and textile supply chain operations are speciality areas. Textile technology, also known as textile science covers a broad range of topics including chemistry, physics in textile production and textiles used in apparels and interior design
What happens in textile technology do?
Textile technology programmes teach the science of creating and enhancing fibres, fabrics and other textiles used in manufacturing, apparel, healthcare and consumer products. Courses deal with textile chemistry, physics, molecular studies, biomedical materials and material composition. Students get the opportunity to create test fibres from synthetic and natural sources. Textile technology is taught in engineering or textile colleges. The textile technology programmes also encourage students to pursue their personal goals through internships, study abroad programmes, product development projects and research. Students also get hand-on training in well-equipped labs
Different career options in textile technology
Textile Engineering demands a lot of research, creativity and innovation, considering the demand for fashionable attire. Once done with the course, students need to apply this creativity and scientific knowledge in their work to come up with a quality end result.
Textile Engineers are usually recruited by top textile plants and companies. Apart from employment, textile engineers can even open their own business. Students having a degree in Textile Engineering are hired to fill following designations:
Medical textiles engineer
Quality control supervisor
Process improvement engineer
Duties and responsibilities in a textile technology
As a clothing/textile technologist your tasks may include:
developing manmade fibres and quality assessing natural fibres
spinning fibres into yarn, and knitting or weaving yarn into fabrics
producing non-woven materials
identifying the latest fabric trends, developments and innovations
overseeing the dyeing, printing and finishing processes
ensuring quality in areas such as strength, durability, colourfastness, and water and chemical resistance
advising commercial colleagues on technical aspects of the business
liaising with designers, and adapting designs to suit production methods
making and sizing pre-production garments
sourcing fabrics and accessories
undertaking quality evaluations of materials and checking the quality of the final product
responding to product queries, including complaints from wholesalers and customers.
Some technologists specialise in research and product development and may:
undertake research to find new ways of using yarns
develop chemicals that may be added to fabrics to make them more waterproof, flame-resistant or shrink-resistant
experiment with textiles to improve their look, feel, texture and durability.
Courses in Textile technology(Engineering)
Undergraduate and post graduate programmes are offered in Textile technology. In B. Tech and M. Tech programmes are available in India. At the B. Tech level there is an emphasis on design, product and process development activities. In the final year students work on projects besides undergoing practical training in industrial establishments. The M. Tech programme focuses on processing of textile material, man-made fibre industry and chemical processing. Besides, certain universities across the globe offer diploma and BSc programmes. The Indian Institute of technology runs B. Tech and M. Tech courses in textile technology and the Belfast Metropolitan College in the UK gives MSc in Advanced materials. The Eastern Michigan University offers BSc Apparel in Textiles and Merchandising. The entrance exams to get into textile engineering are IIT-JEE, AIEEE, BITSAT, VIT and KIIT.
Aspirants should possess excellent communication skills, computer skills, good analytical and problem-solving skills, and have an eye for detail. Organising ability, logical thinking, practicality, ability to deal with people diplomatically, patience, creativity, flexibility to understand and apply new technologies are added skills needed for this field. They must hold good mechanical skills which is necessary for the diagnose of mechanical problems and must have good knowledge in math, science and technology. One must also enjoy working with colours and knowledge of fabrics would be a bonus. They must understand the properties of different materials and dyes and the production processes of textiles. Textile engineers must have knowledge of the market, be able to predict new trends and be updated with continuous changing technology in this Field.
Top Companies Hiring Textile Engineers
The top companies hiring textile engineers are as below
Indian Textile Company Pvt Ltd
Soma Textiles & Industries Limited
Century Textile and Industries Ltd
Bombay Rayon Fashions Ltd
Fabindia Overseas Pvt Ltd
Grasim Industries Ltd
Textile engineering is one good engineering college can earn their initial income around Rs 12,000 to Rs 30,000 every month. The income rises according to their experience and skills. A textile engineer with 2-3 years of industrial experience can earn more than Rs 50, 000 every month excluding other perks and benefits. Fresh graduates with MTech degree can earn around Rs.20, 000 to Rs.40, 000 every month at the starting level. The salary package offered to freshers in the Textile industry in India varies according to the job offered to the aspirant, type of industry and brand name of company. Textile professionals are generally employed in areas of manufacturing, selling, designing, and marketing of textiles. Lecturers in colleges get a starting salary of Rs12,000-Rs 18,000 a month. With more experience or as an established independent consultant one could earn more. Pay package is much better if we get chance to work abroad
Advantages and Disadvantages of Textile Engineering
Before you go for a career in the textile industry, you should be well-versed with the pros and cons of being a textile engineer. Our team has come up with a list of pros and cons for your easy reference.
Personal Satisfaction of seeing your creation
Opportunity to work with computer designing software and other related technology
Training and skills can be easily transferred to other related or alternative career option
Can run their own textile business
The Textile industry is very highly competitive
Frustration to come up with innovative and creative products all the time
Stress to keep up with the evolving technologies
Work may involve exposure to harmful chemicals and dyes
Entrepreneurs have to work round the clock to meet the expectations of the clients