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Career in Political Science



What is Political Science?

Political science, occasionally called politology, is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, associated constitutions and political behavior.

Political science comprises numerous subfields, including comparative politics, political economy, international relations, political theory, public administration, public policy, and political methodology. Furthermore, political science is related to, and draws upon, the fields of economics, law, sociology, history, philosophy, geography, psychology/psychiatry, anthropology and neurosciences.

What are the responsibilities of Politician?

(i) To make laws

(ii) Run the internal affairs of a State according to the will of the people

(iii) Devise and enact the State-policy with regard to Education, Human Resource Development, Social Welfare, Commerce, Trade & Industry, Environment, Rural & Urban Development, Transport, Communications, Health, Multi-Media, Promotion of Arts, Culture, Science & Technology, Agriculture, Natural Sciences, National Economy or Finance, Accounts, Excise & Taxation, etc.,

(iv) Plan and assure Defense of the country against external aggression and security against internal criminal elements and internal in surgery,

(v) Safeguard the interests of the country, vis-a-vis other countries,

(vi) Regulate the relationships of the State with other States,

(vii) Maintain law & order, national solidarity and public peace

(viii) Look after matters relating to the interest of various sections of the society such as the Youth, the Women and the Sportspersons,

(ix) Family planning and Population-growth,

(x) Employment,

(xi) Housing,

(xii) Energy,

(xiii) Water management,

(xiv) To provide for the Aged and the retired, the weaker classes and the backward sections, etc.

(xv) To resolve the conflicts between diverse or antagonistic interests of various communities and sectional demands of various groups and classes,

(xvi) Relief in the case of natural calamities and

(xvii) To govern all the internal and external affairs of the State and to fulfils all other responsibilities, connected with these. This would show how important is the work of the politicians and how great are the responsibilities of politicians! The Statecraft and Statesmen are, no doubt, the sine qua non of a modern civilized society, particularly one that has a democratic form of government.


Types of politician:

There are different types of politicians.

1. Type A politicians love building organizations and people movements. They primarily think about the people and their cause and are often idealists.

2. Type B politicians love running administrations with cunningness & shrewdness. They look at the practical ways that the Type A’s miss. Unlike the Type A and Type C, they often don’t get the public attention.

3. Type C politicians love the power and pomp — they love public attention. They use Type As to build the organizations and Type Bs to do the dirty work.

What are the eligibility criteria of Politician?

One can pursue this course after passing higher secondary education examination. It has the duration of 3 years.


What are the courses related to Political Science?

Students who want to make their career in politics, they will have to study political science & history. They can also work as an intern & volunteering and get involved in local issues & campaigns involving the masses.

There are no specific degrees in politics, but Law, Business & Education are the most trending choice of the candidates. Students of any other degree can also join politics.

Degree in political science is available at graduate level, master’s level and doctorate levels.


Bachelor’s Courses:

Bachelor of Arts (B.A ) in Political Science

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Political Science

Bachelor of Arts (Honors) in Political Science

Bachelor of Arts (B.A) in Politics

Master’s Courses


The duration of the Master courses is two years:

Master of Arts (M.A) in Political Science

· Master of Science (M.Sc) in Politics Research

· Master of Arts (M.A) in International Relations and Political Science

· Master of Arts (M.A) in Political Science and Public Administration


Skills Required

· Excellent communication skills.

· Understanding of political scenarios is required.

· Team working skills as “A good leader is one who can be a good team member”.

· Ability to interact with diverse populations

· Enhance your leadership quality and ideas by following good leaders.

· Writing and research skills. Extensive writing and research skills are critical in this role. Most importantly, you’ll need to have a firm handle on several different types of writing including press releases, speeches, and social media posts.

· A majority of your time will be spent drafting press releases about your cause or candidate. These will need to be impeccably written, as they will represent the campaign, politician, or cause to the public. Press releases must be clearly written so the message is easy to understand and powerfully written so that the message is remembered. This is not simply an interoffice memo, but rather a communication that will epitomize what your organization stands for.


· You might also be responsible for crafting speeches for your candidate or organization. This requires a firm understanding of the intended message as well as the audience who will be listening. Test out the speech on a focus group to gather feedback about the main points, flow, and reception of the speech.


· Public Speaking and Presentation Skills. As a political communicator, you will represent the candidate, organization, or party at various events. Your public speaking and presentation skills must reflect those of a calm, knowledgeable, and poised professional. When assembling your research for a presentation, make sure you really understand the information. Become the subject matter expert. Not only will this improve your presentation and your confidence, it might reduce the chance that a question will blindside you. Practice your speech or presentation until you are comfortable enough that it sounds natural and you don’t need to read off slides.


· Knowledge of Social Media.Social media can make or break a political campaign. Even though social media seems more casual than a speech or presentation, it should be taken just as seriously. Any tweets, posts, or updates must support the overarching narrative of the campaign or organization. They must be clear, well written, and creative. Social media can serve as a platform for a candidate to be relatively informal, but it must always be professional. Politician Cory Booker is famous for using social media to connect directly with constituents. For him, it’s a personalized approach to politics.


· When considering social media, the platform you choose is just as important as what you say. Figure out your target audience and select the social media platform that makes the most sense.


· Understanding Your Audience. The key to any successful career in communications knows your audience. Whether it’s a tweet, a speech, or a press release, nothing is as disastrous as misreading your audience. Learn about your audience and what they are concerned about so you can offer them a reason to care about your message. For example, when speaking to a group of parents about the community, consider what topics matter to them. Most likely, this will include topics like education, taxes, housing, and neighborhood safety. Audiences need to feel like you care about them, so always be strategic in the way you convey your messages.


· Crisis Management and Problem Solving. Perhaps the most challenging aspect of a communications job in politics is crisis management. As the go-to communicator, everyone will turn to you for a plan in the event of a crisis. Before you can fix anything, you’ll need to analyze how the problem appears to constituents. Then evaluate how to rectify the situation in a manner that will come across as genuine. Whether that means a heartfelt public apology, an honest explanation, or even a public display of support, decide what makes sense for the situation. Remember that people generally love a comeback story. And make sure you catch problems as early as possible by listening to constituent complaints, prioritizing transparency, and hiring effective staff members.

What is the career and job scope for Political Science?

Politics can be a challenging and rewarding field for people, those who want to create a life in service of other people.

There are several career paths in the field of politics. Interested candidates can make a full-time career in politics.

Aspirants can join politics at any time of their age and at any level of their education. There is no particular academic requirement for joining the politics.

As per the constitution of India, minimum age of 25 years is required for contesting the election.

There are two paths to start a political career in Indian Democracy. First, you can join the established party or by joining new party & working independently.

You can work in an office, manage campaigns, or work in a policy environment. You can also work as an intern for a government agency, an elected official, a non-profit group or a political action committee. Most political internships are unpaid, but they are very useful in getting the experience you need.

Beyond working on a campaign, there are many different jobs in politics, such as working on legislation, political strategists, media relations & public relations positions, pollsters & political consultant’s campaign managers & consultants, etc.


Work schedule

Being a politician is a challenging career. The hours are very long, extending from the early morning to the late night, and often you have to go to meetings and do political activities on weekends. Politicians can have great jobs with significant responsibilities, but it is hard, given the competitive nature of politics, to keep a top job for a long time. Becoming a politician also means you give up a lot of privacy. The public comments, speeches, and even social media posts of politicians are discussed on TV talk shows and in newspapers. Even the personal lives of politicians, such as the activities of their spouses or children, are discussed by the media.

Salary

Salary in the field of politics depends upon your designation and post.

In India, MLA receives an annual salary of 6 lacs. The MLA daily allowance for each day of attending parliament is Rs. 2000.

Career options related to Political Science:

1. Civil Services

A career in civil services such as the IAS (Indian Administrative Service) and IFS (Indian Foreign Services) is one of the most popular choices for those studying political science. The role basically involves helping the nation run smoothly, influencing the decision making process and representing India. As many questions from the preliminary and main civil services exams are based on polity, studying political science will give you an edge in the exams.

2. Politics

A career in politics has been gaining popularity with more young people joining the field in recent times. You can work as a politician directly, or you can also act as a political analyst or campaign manager associated with the government or a political party. There is no formal course to join politics, but a political science degree will help you a great deal. You can enter the field by volunteering and looking into political parties that match your ideologies.

3. Law

Graduating in political science will have improved your analytical and critical thinking skills which will help you in the field of law. Although there is a graduate level 5-year LLB course to enter the field of law, you can still enter the field after completing BA (H) Political Science by pursuing a 3-year LLB course and passing the All India Bar examination conducted by the Bar Council of India.

4. Political Scientist

Another application of the field of political science, the role of a political scientist involves the study of various aspects of governmental systems, how cities/countries operate and interact, and the impact of governmental policies. Apart from examining the present situations, political scientists also make recommendations for steps that can be implemented. To become a political scientist, you would need an MA Political Science degree or PhD.

5. Social Service

Social service is another means of helping society and people in need without having to get into actual politics and bureaucracy. The career options have grown with the rise in NGOs, government outreach programmes, and with MNCs establishing Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) departments. To pursue a career as a social worker or in social services, you can pursue a Master’s degree in social work after your B.A degree.

6. Journalism

A vast majority of the news covered in media is related to politics, and increasing public awareness means more people are interested in reading the news. B.A Political Science graduates have a thorough understanding of politics and the political environment which makes them ideal candidates for media roles such as political journalists, editors, and correspondents. To enter the media field, you can pursue a post-graduate course in journalism or mass communication.

7. Marketing

Marketing is an integral part of every business as it connects the supplier with the consumers. Political science graduates have an understanding of how society functions, and the flow of power and political systems which are an asset in the field of marketing. For a career in marketing, you can pursue an MBA or take up short-term courses/diploma courses in marketing after completing your graduation.

8. Teaching

If you enjoy the pure study of political science, teaching may be the right career for you. The popularity of political science as a discipline is growing and you can teach at school or college levels. To teach, you will need a master’s degree in Political Science along with a B.Ed for the school level, or you will need to clear the UGC NET examination for becoming a college professor.


Frequently asked questions:

Who appoints Politics graduate?

Politics graduates are employed by:

· law firms · local and national government · accountancy and banking organizations · charities · councils · retail and media companies

How long does it take to become a politician?

In case you decide to go for a bachelor’s degree, you would need 4 years to obtain one.

A lot of future politicians can start by working full-time in other fields to have an idea of how the spheres work from the inside.

On-the-job training and at least a few years of experience are incredibly important; you can work for an established politician, build networks and acquire the necessary information.

Aspiring politicians would certainly have to work their way up through the ranks; the path may take decades.


Is political Science a Science or an Art?

It is an art in the sense that knows ledge of political science is not of theoretical significance only. On the other hand, knowledge of Political Science has practical value. Hence, Political Science can be called both as a science and an art


What are Politicians like?

A politician is a professional who participates and has a say in how a government is run. Politicians can work on a local, state or national level and are either elected into office or appointed by a leader who is in office. The primary duty of a politician is to propose, vote on and enact laws and policies that will determine how a government functions. Examples of politicians include members of the House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate, state legislators, city councilors, governors and mayors

What are the additional skills required for Politician?

  • Research skills

  • Public-speaking skills

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Decision-making skills

  • Negotiation skills

  • Listening skills

  • Emotional intelligence


Does Politician need training?

While there is no required training to become a politician, there are several training options available for aspiring politicians that can help you develop the skills needed to be successful. Both nonpartisan and partisan organizations offer various types of training for budding political candidates and partaking in these training courses can prepare you for the various aspects of a political career.


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