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Career in Nano Technology

Who is a Nanotechnologist?

Nanotechnology is a field of research and innovation concerned with building 'things' - generally, materials and devices - on the scale of atoms and molecules. A nanometre is one-billionth of a metre: ten times the diameter of a hydrogen atom. The diameter of a human hair is, on average, 80,000 nanometres

Nanotechnologists manipulate matter on the nanoscale (one billionth of a metre), developing new materials and equipment as well as drugs and diagnostic tools. Nanotechnology encompasses science, physics, chemistry, biology, engineering and computer science.

Their work involves designing and conducting experiments based around observing nano-scale systems (either organic or inorganic) in their given field, often with the aid of other researchers across several disciplines. The information is then analysed to develop practical applications of the results, such as a new material, device or procedure. Computational research can also be carried out using simulated nano-scale experiments and systems to increase theoretical knowledge and aid in the design and development of practical experiments.

Nanotechnology research is often collaborative between different departments or institutions and crosses the boundary between academia and industry. As a nanotechnologist you'll often have a PhD, and will use the connections and networks developed during your studies to form the foundation of a large knowledge base central to your work.

What does a Nanotechnologist do?

Work is usually laboratory based, but its exact nature can depend on whether you work in industry or academia. The responsibilities in both lines of work are often the same and you'll need to:

  • plan and conduct experiments to investigate and analyze nano-scale systems

  • operate, or design and construct, complex instrumentation

  • extrapolate data to develop theories to explain experimental results

  • write up results in reports and/or scientific papers or books

  • arrange the testing of products or materials

  • develop new products and ways of applying new methodology

  • maintain accurate records of results

  • write applications for funding

  • collaborate with other scientists, often including those from other disciplines

  • develop specialist skills and expertise

  • work within health and safety regulations

  • teach or lecture students or trainees

  • develop innovative methods to improve existing products or procedures

  • consider profit/loss margins in any work carried out

  • keep up to date with advances in your field of study and wider research through specialist literature and meetings

  • disseminate new findings at departmental, institutional or national meetings and conferences, including presenting to a variety of audiences

  • manage individual projects and pieces of work

  • at higher levels, manage a research team (including technicians and support staff) or a group of research students.

Types of a Nanotechnologist:

Knowledge areas that need to be acquired:


Candidates seeking for undergraduate courses in nanotechnology are required to clear the intermediate examination in science stream (PCM/PCB).

For admission to postgraduate courses in nanotechnology, a candidate must have passed the B.Sc. in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Life Sciences or B. Tech in Material science/Mechanical/Biomedical/Chemical/Biotechnology/Electronics / Computer Science from recognized University.

For admission to Ph.D. programmes, a candidate must have passed M. Tech in Mechanical, Chemical, Electronic, Biotechnology, Computer Science etc. or an M. Sc in Physics, Chemistry, Material Science, Biotechnology, Computer Science etc.

Institutions that offer nanotechnology courses are mentioned below:

  • National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra

  • National Institute of Technology, Calicut

  • Amity University, Noida

  • SRM University, Kattankulathur

IISC in Bangalore, Karunya University in Coimbatore, Osmania University in Hyderabad, Anna University in Chennai and Vellore Institute of Technology in Vellore has a dedicated nanotechnology research centre. Several Universities/institutions conduct their own entrance examination for providing admission. It is mandatory for the students to appear entrance test for taking admission. For admission to the MTech programme, Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)is conducted every year.

Other reputed entrance exam for admission to MTech programme is as follows:

  • Vellore Institute of Technology Master’s Entrance Exam

  • SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Examination

  • Aligarh Muslim University Postgraduate Entrance Exam

  • Indian Institute of Space Science &Technology

  • Joint Admission Test for M.Sc.

Colleges offering Nanotechnology:

  • SRM University, Tamil Nadu

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad

  • Punjab University, Chandigarh

  • Amity Institute of Nanotechnology (AINT), Noida, UP

  • Amrita Centres for Nano sciences, Kerala


  • Technical and scientific skills

  • analytical skills and a logical approach to problem solving

  • numerical skills

  • communication and presentation skills

  • the capacity to deal with complex issues both systematically and creatively

  • IT skills and the ability to use computer-controlled equipment

  • the ability to write reports and papers for publication

  • team working and project management skills

  • the ability to manage both time and budgets effectively

  • attention to detail

  • self-motivation and patience.

Technology Skills:

  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.


One needs to have:

  • science skills

  • maths knowledge

  • knowledge of engineering science and technology

  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail

  • knowledge of physics

  • analytical thinking skills

  • persistence and determination

  • the ability to think clearly using logic and reasoning

  • to be able to use a computer and the main software packages confidently


Nanotechnology engineers tend to be predominantly investigative individuals, which means that they are quite inquisitive and curious people that often like to spend time alone with their thoughts. They also tend to be realistic, which means that they often enjoy working outdoors or applying themselves to a hands-on project.

Job outlook:

The overall job outlook for Nanotechnology Engineering Technician careers has been negative since 2004. Vacancies for this career have decreased by 24.45 percent nationwide in that time, with an average decline of 4.07 percent per year. Demand for Nanotechnology Engineering Technicians is expected to go up, with an expected 14,040 new jobs filled by 2018. This represents an annual increase of 2.64 percent over the next few years.

Sky is the limit for a qualified nanotechnologist. In this field, even the starting monthly salary ranges from of Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 35,000. Besides there is always scope for other perks and benefits. MNCs obviously pay more to a nanotechnologist.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Is nanotechnology a good career?

Aspirants can create their career in this field with better remuneration. The research studies in this field are the very good choice for those wish to pursue higher studies. The use of Nanotechnology is wide and vast such as in food science, in medical, in engineering, and many others.

What is the scope of nanotechnology in India?

Around Rs 20,000/- to Rs 30,000 per month for fresher and Rs 1 lakh per month for experienced candidates. Top Colleges in India offering Nanotechnology: Department of Physics, IISc, Bangalore. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

What jobs are in nanotechnology?

Nanotechnology Jobs:

  • Applications Engineer.

  • Director of Product Marketing.

  • Director of Research.

  • Holography and Optics Technician.

  • Manufacturing Engineer.

  • Market Development Manager.

  • Mechanical Engineer.

  • Optical Assembly Technician.

What is nanotechnology used for?

Nanotechnology is being used in developing countries to help treat disease and prevent health issues. The umbrella term for this kind of nanotechnology is Nanomedicine. Nanotechnology is also being applied too or developed for application to a variety of industrial and purification processes.

What do nanotechnologists do?

Nanotechnology Engineer: Job Description & Salary. From the smallest circuits in cell phones to cells and molecules, nanotechnology engineers work with tiny materials. They develop ways to alter them or to improve products. Read on to learn more about what nanotechnology engineers do.

What major is best for nanotechnology?

These majors offer studies and research in the field of nanotechnology and nanomaterials:

  • Bioengineering.

  • Chemical engineering.

  • Chemistry.

  • Electrical engineering.

  • Materials science and engineering.

  • Mechanical engineering.

  • Physics.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of nanotechnology?

Nanotechnology offers the potential for new and faster kinds of computers, more efficient power sources and life-saving medical treatments. Potential disadvantages include economic disruption and possible threats to security, privacy, health and the environment.

YouTube links for further references:

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