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Career in Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical Engineers design metal parts, study the properties of metals and solve problems in the manufacturing of these metals. Metallurgical Engineers play an important role in the mining industry as they are involved in the processing of materials from the mines, and are involved in various processing methods to turn metals into more useful products.


Metallurgical Engineers may work in laboratories or be required to travel to mine sites, where they work with various other Engineers and Metallurgical Technicians

Depending on the type of mine, they may work in the open above ground, or underground where it can be cramped.

Production sites can be remotely located and can be hot and noisy, and Engineers may be required to wear protective glasses and clothing.

Metallurgical Engineers must be prepared to travel and will often stay away from home for extended periods. They may be required to live on site away from home, or to work on a fly in fly out basis. FIFO commonly involves flying in for a certain period of time whilst the Metallurgical Engineer would be on site, and then flying home for periods when they are off work.

Metallurgical Engineers will get to see the world as if working for large international companies, their job will often involve international travel

Typical Duties

  • There are many things a Metallurgical Engineer will do on a day to day basis however a large proportion of their job will be the conversion of raw metal, into a more useable format. These metals can include gold, silver as well as copper, aluminium and other metals

  • Design methods for separating metal from the rest of the components, with consideration to the environment

  • Apply their knowledge of metals to solve complex problems

  • Deal with all aspects of the production and application of metals and their alloys

  • Create and oversee extraction processes

  • Work closely with Mining Engineers to coordinate the extraction process and extract the metal from the ore once it has been mined

  • Refining the metals recovered

  • Since most metals cannot be utilized in their purest forms, the Metallurgical Engineer will create combinations that can provide the metals in the right compositions

  • Liaise and work with a wide range of personnel, from Mining Foremen to Plant Supervisors and Engineers

  • Use advanced equipment such as X-ray devices, electron microscopes and spectrographs in their research and development

  • Metallurgical Engineers are concerned with finding new and improved ways of finding metal in rock, and will be involved in the process involved in extracting this metal as well as the impact that it has on the environment, conservation of energy and the disposal of the rock.


Candidates wishing to reserve a seat in IITs for this course need to clear JEE Main and JEE Advanced. Once the aspirant clears JEE, he/she will become eligible for the following courses in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering:

  • Metallurgical Thermodynamics & Kinetics

  • Deformation Behavior of Materials

  • Principles of Extractive Metallurgy

  • Phase Transformation & Heat Treatment of Materials

  • Materials Characterization

  • Iron making & Steelmaking

Course Eligibility

For pursuing Bachelors in Metallurgical Engineering students should have qualified 10+2 in science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics subjects. Those interested in masters, after completing B. Tech, the candidate can go for M. Tech.


Some of the top companies that hire Metallurgical engineers include Jindal Steel, NALCO, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, Utkal Minerals, Larson Group, New Bharat Refractories Ltd, Hindalco Industries Limited, Tata Steel and Steel Authority India Limited (SAIL).

Metallurgical Engineers are appointed for various designations like:

  • Safety Engineering

  • Quality Planning engineer

  • Welding engineer

  • Plant Equipment engineer

  • Aluminum Casting Metallurgist

  • Researcher and Consultant

  • Ballistics Engineer

  • Metallurgist


Metallurgical engineers have opportunities both in India and abroad. They can be hired by public sector companies like DRDO, ISRO and Indian Railway. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching jobs in universities and colleges.

Candidates with B. Tech and M. Tech degree in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering from IITs can be hired by Top Metal Manufacturing companies, Electrical companies, R & D Labs, Construction companies, Fabrication units, Metal extraction units and Engineering workshops etc.


The typical job description of Metallurgical and Materials Engineer involves:

  • Conducting research and development

  • Developing processing plants

  • Supervise production processes

  • Assuring the quality of metal products

  • Writing for technical magazines and trade associations

  • They may also supervise the work of metallographers, highly trained technologists, and other assistants in conducting tests on metals


The salary package of Metallurgical Engineers depends on various factors like company, job profile, qualification, skills and work experience. The average salary of a Bachelor degree holder from IIT is between Rs. 7.5 – 8 lakhs per annum. The salary will increase with experience.


IITs and NITs are deemed to be the prestigious and elite engineering institutes in India. The faculty for this course in IITs and NITs is exceptionally good.

IITs offering course in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering – IIT Kharagpur, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT BHU, IIT Roorkee, IIT Kanpur, IIT Bhubaneswar, IIT Hyderabad etc.

NITs offering Metallurgical and Materials Engineering – NIT Raipur, NIT Srinagar, NIT Surathkal, NIT Trichy, NIT Durgapur, NIT Kurukshetra, NIT Jamshedpur etc.

Metallurgical Engineer Skills and Qualifications

Metallurgical engineers perform a wide variety of tasks related to extracting metals and manufacturing metal parts. Most workers in this role have at least a bachelor’s degree and the following skills:

Analytical skills metallurgical engineers use advanced methods and technologies to research the properties of metals and devise improved techniques for extraction and manufacturing, both of which require strong analytical skills

Math and science skills thorough knowledge of mathematical and scientific principles is a necessity in this role, as metallurgical engineers need to make calculations and understand how metals react

Team coordination most metallurgical engineers work with teams that can include manufacturing, extracting, and refining personnel, so they should be able to effectively collaborate with these teams

Problem-solving skillsmetallurgical engineers need excellent problem-solving skills to determine innovative ways to improve processes and resolve issues related to manufacturing and design

Communication skills written and verbal communication are central to this role, since metallurgical engineers need to communicate with their teams and prepare reports related to their findings

Frequently asked questions

What kind of personality do I need?

The innovative thinker, with a receptive attitude towards change and with an aptitude for Mathematics and Physical Science, is the type of person for whom metallurgy will be a profitable career. Metallurgical engineers must also think logically and analytically. They have to be computer-literate, be self-driven, motivated and have an interest in finance.

Positive communication skills, the maintenance of good human relationships and leadership qualities are very important for persons who are interested in becoming production or process development engineers at a metallurgical plant. These qualities are however not so important for people interested in development and research metallurgy; even shy people can be successful in this area.

What is the scope of metallurgical engineering in India?

Metallurgical Engineering is a broad field of engineering that deals with all sorts of metal-related areas. It is branch of engineering that deals with a study of science of metals and their properties, including separating metals from their ores, the making and compounding of alloys, and the technology and science of working and heat-treating metals to alter their physical characteristics.

Metallurgical Engineers can become a part of the industry that produces, buys, sells refines or manufactures metals or metallic products. In India metallurgical graduates can expect some exciting career opportunities in government undertakings as well as in private companies. One can also be a research fellow or a scientist or professor in various labs and universities located in India and abroad.

Apart from the traditional metallurgical jobs, Metallurgical Engineering also has scope in defense, aviation , and nano science. Even quasicrystals were discovered here! Last year’s noble prize for chemistry went to researcher in this area. You can also go for research abroad if you have decent research credentials.

Can metallurgical engineering flourish in coming years?

This is preposterous question. Metallurgy is already well-established branch with huge number of opportunities in various fields from research to jobs. First of all, if a person is in thought of knowing about metallurgy indicates that he/she is capable of getting really good scores in various engineering entrance examinations and looking forward to join in reputed college, because metallurgy is only in reputed colleges. Normal human tendencies make a person to jump into conclusions that this branch might not have high opportunities which is a myth spread by some zero knowledge persons. Let me clear your doubts through my answer. Any person who joined in engineering until and unless he has a huge passion in some other fields like music, film making, arts etc. look forward to following options 1. job 2. MTech 3. MS 4. MBA 5. Civils

1. Job may be a core job, IT job, bank job etc.

Core jobs i.e. jobs related to metallurgy in this case, can be easily grabbed if you are at IITs, otherwise PSUs like IOCL, NALCO, HECL ,BARC gives opportunities through GATE. PSUs like SAIL, RINL conducts all India examinations. BIS, IP India also provides job opportunities through all India wide examination. Guess what! number of vacancies will be high for metallurgy only in the case of SAIL and RINL for example last year vacancies for meta is 64 in SAIL followed by 63 for mech and vacancies of remaining branches are negligible almost. Now let me tell you another thing, number of applicants will be in the order of lakhs in the case of other branches where as in meta you have to only compete with around 5000 members, GATE or any exam. So, if you take any other branch than metallurgy, it is very difficult to get these jobs.(same package for all branches)

IT jobs are common in good colleges. You will find the topper at the time of entrance exam studying electronics in your college will be placed along with you in the same job after placements. So, either you are metallurgy or electronics it doesn't matter if you want to enter into this field. This is very common scenario.

Bank jobs, now a day’s engineers are into this. To crack these exams, you need to develop aptitude, English and GK. In meta unlike other branches we do not have heavy drawing assignments, pressure of deadlines etc. You can easily develop such skills in that time.

2. For MTech aspirants as mentioned earlier specifically we have less competition in GATE exam.

3. For MS aspirants, we have enough time to prepare for GRE and also for doing mini projects and internships. Nano materials, corrosion, smart materials, composites, manufacturing, materials processing etc. are emerging fields with dire need of young engineers.

4. MBA is also a dominant option in which you need to prepare for various MBA entrance exams like CAT, IIFT, NMAT etc., as we have less pressure if we concentrate less on internships, we will have more time to prepare for these exams same is applied to Civil aspirants.

In short Metallurgy is a boon, you should be fortunate enough to be in this branch. Just because the branch is not famous doesn't mean that its useless. It is because its only present in elite colleges which the most people around you don’t know.

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