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Career in Indian Navy


The Indian Navy, (Hindi: Bhāratīya Nau Sēnā), is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Navy. The Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star admiral, commands the navy.

The Indian Navy traces its origins back to the East India Company's Marine which was founded in 1612 to protect British merchant shipping in the region. In 1793, the British East India Company established its rule over eastern part of the Indian subcontinent i.e. Bengal, but it was not until 1830 that the colonial navy was titled as His Majesty's Indian Navy. When India became a republic in 1950, the Royal Indian Navy as it had been named since 1934 was renamed to Indian Navy.

The primary objective of the navy is to safeguard the nation's maritime borders, and in conjunction with other Armed Forces of the union, act to deter or defeat any threats or aggression against the territory, people or maritime interests of India, both in war and peace. Through joint exercises, goodwill visits and humanitarian missions, including disaster relief, Indian Navy promotes bilateral relations between nations.

As of June 2019, Indian Navy has 67,252 active and 55,000 reserve personnel in service and has a fleet of 137 warships and 235 aircraft. As of March 2018, the operational fleet consists of one aircraft carrier, one amphibious transport dock, eight landing ship tanks, eleven destroyers, fourteen frigates, one nuclear-powered attack submarine, one ballistic missile submarine, fifteen conventionally-powered attack submarines, twenty-two corvettes, one mine countermeasure vessel, four fleet tankers and various other auxiliary vessels.


The full range of operations in which a nation's naval forces may be involved is vast, ranging from high intensity war fighting at one end to humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations at the other end. This broad continuum of operations can be broken down into distinct roles, each demanding a specific approach to the conduct of operations.

Accordingly, the four main roles envisaged for the IN are as follows :-

The Military Role

The essence of all navies is their military character. In fact, the Raison d’etre of navies is to ensure that no hostile maritime power can degrade own national security and interests. The navy's military role is characterized by the threat or use of force at and from the sea. This includes application of maritime power in both offensive operations against enemy forces territory and trade, and defensive operations to protect own forces, territory and trade. The military role is performed through the accomplishment of specific military objectives, missions and tasks.

  • Deterrence against war or intervention

  • Decisive military victory in case of war

  • Security of India's territorial integrity, citizens and off-shore assets from sea-borne threat

  • Influence affairs on land

  • Safeguard India's mercantile marine and marine and maritime trade

  • Safeguard India's national interests and maritime security

The Diplomatic Role

Naval Diplomacy entails the use of naval forces in support of foreign policy objectives to build ‘bridges of friendship’ and strengthen international cooperation on the one hand, and to signal capability and intent to deter potential adversaries on the other. The larger purpose of the navy’s diplomatic role is to favorably shape the maritime environment in the furtherance of national interests, in consonance with the foreign policy and national security objectives. Navies inherently lean towards performing a diplomatic role on account of two characteristics. The first is their status as comprehensive instruments of a country’s sovereign power, whereupon their very presence in or off a certain area signals the nation’s political intent and commitment to pursue national interests in that region. Hence, their presence or absence can be calibrated to send a political message to potential friends and foes alike. The second characteristic facilitating the navy’s diplomatic role is in the very attributes of maritime forces, including access, mobility, sustenance, reach, flexibility and versatility. These combine to offer a variety of tools for furthering national interests and pursuing foreign policy goals. Naval forces can be readily deployed, can perform multiple roles and tasks that can be calibrated in visibility and intensity as per requirements, and can just as easily and rapidly be withdrawn, to send a countersignal.

  • Strengthen Political relations and goodwill

  • Strengthen defense relations with friendly states

  • Portray credible defense posture and capability

  • Strengthen maritime security in IOR

  • Promote regional and global stability

Constabulary Role

The increasing incidence of maritime crime has brought into sharp focus the constabulary role that navies have to perform. The significance of this role may be Gauged from the fact that for a third of the world’s navies, this is a major facet of their functions. In the constabulary role, forces are employed to enforce law of the land or to implement a regime established by an international mandate. Force is only employed for self-defense or as a last resort in execution of this role. The protection and promotion of India’s maritime security is one of the prime responsibilities of the Indian Navy. This includes a constabulary element, especially where it relates to threats that involve use of force at sea. The range of tasks that the IN has to undertake in the constabulary role ranges from Low Intensity Maritime Operations (LIMO) to maintaining good order at sea. This further includes aspects of coastal security, as part of India’s overall maritime security. Constabulary tasks at sea are neither the primary nor the sole mandate of the IN. With the establishment of the ICG in February 1978, law enforcement aspects of the constabulary role within the Maritime Zones of India (MZI) have been transferred to the ICG.28 Security in major harbors and ports are the purview of the port authorities, aided by customs and immigration agencies. Constabulary tasks beyond the MZI are vested with the Indian Navy. Efficient and effective maritime constabulary requires proper and seamless coordination between the various maritime law enforcement and regulatory agencies. After the terrorist attacks on Mumbai on 26 November 2008, the overall responsibility for coastal security has been mandated to the Indian Navy, in close coordination with the ICG, State marine police and other central/state government and port authorities.

Benign Role

The ‘benign’ role is so named because violence has no part to play in its execution, nor is the potential to apply force a necessary prerequisite for undertaking these operations. Examples of benign tasks include humanitarian aid, disaster relief, Search and Rescue (SAR), ordnance disposal, diving assistance, salvage operations, Hydrographic surveys, etc. Maritime forces, because of their quick mobilization, are extremely useful in the early stages of a crisis for providing relief material, first aid and succour. Much of the capacity to perform these functions derives itself from the mobility, reach and endurance inherent in naval task forces, coupled with their SeaLift capability. For example, in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, one of the biggest challenges is the disbursement of food, water and relief material. It is under such conditions that military mobility, coupled with reliable communications are most effective in ensuring distribution to even the most remote afflicted areas. While specialized civilian agencies may take over at a later stage, maritime forces can provide the first helping hand and may be deployed to complement their efforts. The ICG is the designated national agency for SAR. Naval units may also be called upon to undertake SAR operations, as required.


There are various requirements for Indian Navy that need to be fulfilled to pursue a career in Indian Navy.


Career In India Navy Serving the nation with a sense of patriotism, an openness to sacrifice, without concern for oneself is not an easy task. As a naval officer, you spend months away from your family, spend days and month in the open seas, and are constantly putting your country before anything else. A career in the defense, as the famous ad keeps reminding us, separates the men from the boys. It is a career path which teaches you duty and commitment, and if you possess an adventurous soul, enjoy the expansive blue waters, and put your country above everything else, then this is the right career for you.

A career in the Indian Navy will allow you to explore the world and provide your with leadership opportunities. The Navy consists of many different fields to choose from. This includes Executive, Engineering, Electrical, Education, and Medical. Recruitment advertisements for officers' recruitment can be found in Employment News and all important national and regional dailies. 

A written examination conducted by UPSC determines Selection for Permanent Commission through NDA/NA cadet and CDSE (Graduate). This is followed by an interview by the Service Selection Board (SSB). For all other Permanent Commission entries and Short Service Commission entries there is no written examination. Instead the shortlist of applicants is created as per the criteria laid down by the Naval Headquarters, (Directorate of Manpower Planning & Recruitment). 

Navy Officer Eligibility Criteria

Age - 

10+2 graduates aged 16.5 – 19 years (inclusive).

Nationality –

Applicant for the post of Officer in the Electrical wing/Marine Engineering/ Architect after 10+2 [(Tech) Cadet Entry] should be a resident Indian. Some friendly countries that send their nationals for this training are also selected but the concerned Countries have to take permission from the Government of India or

  1. a subject of Bhutan, or

  2. a subject of Nepal, or

  3. a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

  4. a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, the East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika and Zanzibar), Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Candidates belonging to categories (1), (2), (3) and (4) above must possess a certificate of eligibility, issued by the Government of India. Certificate of eligibility is not, however, necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha national of Nepal.

Marital Status -

Unmarried male (Tech Cadet).

Navy Officer Job: Educational Qualifications

1st Condition –

Applicant for the post of Officer in the Electrical/ Marine Engineering /Architect after 10+2 [(Tech) Cadet Entry] should have passed Class 12th or its equivalent with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics with an aggregate of at least 75% in PCM and 50% marks in English either in 10th or 10+2 from a recognized board of school education.

2nd Condition -

Minimum qualification marks required for applying for the post of Naval Officers (Electrical Branch)/ Marine Engineering/Architect, Indian Navy may change from time to time and the same would be promulgated in the advertisement in leading Newspapers and on this website as and when required. Alternatively, interested candidates may contact at the following address.

Directorate of Manpower Planning and Recruitment (DMPR)

Integrated Headquarters Of Ministry of Defence (Navy) Sena Bhawan, New Delhi-110011 E-mail: DMPR Tele: 91-11-23010151 (Officers),

Fax: 91-11-23017881 (Officers) The candidate applying for the post of Naval Officer Electrical Branch/Marine Engineering/Architect should have a minimum height of 157 cm with proportionate body weight depending on the age and height of the candidate. The prospective sailor(Artificer Apprentice) should also have a proportionate chest with minimum expansion capability of 05 cms.

Other physical requirements include:

  • good physical and mental health

  • disease, deformity and disability free

  • a colour perception standard of CPII

  • Eyes Visual standard under particular prescribed standards with and without glasses

The candidate applying for the post of Naval Officer Electrical Branch/Marine Engineering/Architect must make sure that his eyesight follows the following parameters. Without Glasses, better eye should be of 6/12 and the worst eye should be of 6/12, while with Glasses the better eye should be of 6/9 while the worst eye should be of 6/12.

Navy Officer Recruitment Procedure

The course commences in the month of August. Details of the course and advertisements start appearing in employment news and leading newspapers in the month of May/June. Shortlisted candidates are called for SSB interviews (5 day excluding day of arrival) at Bhopal, Bangalore or Allahabad. The 4 ½ years of training includes basic training of 6 months at IMA, Dehradun followed by Stage I of 2 ½ years at College of Military Engineering, Pune. Stage II of 1 year at one of the following Colleges viz., College of Military Engineering, Pune / Military College of Electrical & Mechanical Engineers at Secunderabad/ Military College of telecommunication Engineering, Mhow depending upon the arms/services allotted. Stage III of 6 months in any of the institutions given above. On successful completion of the course, the candidate is awarded the Degree of Engineering.On the completion of 3 years of the course the candidates are given a stipend of Rs. 8000 per month and after the completion of the 4th year, they are given the rank of Lt. The other way is that they are called at the Naval Engineering College, Lonavala and after the completion of the course, they are awarded the Degree from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Navy Officer Jobs/Navy Officer Salary Prospects

The pay Scale for a Navy Officer at the early stage starts from a package of 3-4LPA and in the mid level goes to 4-5LPA before getting stagnant at 8-9LPA for a senior Officer.


Skills needed for a Naval officer

  • Ability to withstand mental and physical stress

  • Leadership qualities and clarity of thought

  •  A fighting spirit and firm determination

  • An undying passion for the sea and ships


Typical day for a Naval Officer

If you are posted on a ship or even on a land unit the juniors mostly Sub-Lieutenant. Lieutenant, Lt. Commander and all have to get up in the morning, take their sailors for PT and running. Come back freshen up, have breakfast within the time allotted. Go to work and come back. You have one hour sort of lunch break where you can take a power nap and have lunch. Then again go back to work. Mostly evenings are free but then there could be a possibility of duty calls. This routine varies from unit to unit and also from ranks to ranks. If you are sailing social life is very restrictive but you do have onboard parties. Your shipmates and course mates become your family. You live with them only. And that is the time when your service becomes your priority.

Pros and Cons for a career as a Naval Officer

  • Job security is Experience and Exposure to the World

  • Secured Job and Lifetime Pension

  • Benefits like Housing, Medical and Canteen

  • Disciplined Life and Close Community

  • Frequent Transfers

  • Cramped Living Quarters

Pressure level for an Indian Navy Officer

Job Pressure level for a Naval officer is High


Pay Scale of Officers RANK LEVEL PAY BAND (in Rs.) MSP

LIEUTENANT 1056100-177500

LIEUTENANT 61300-193900

LIEUTENANT COMMANDER 1169400-20720015500

COMMANDER 121200-21240015500


CAPTAIN 13130600-2159001550015500

REAR ADMIRAL 14144200-218200

VICE ADMIRAL 15182200-224100


VICE ADMIRAL 15182200-224100 6205400-224400




Education officers provide support towards education, training and professional development of Naval personnel.

One of the main peace-time activities of the Indian Navy is preparing for future missions, which involves continuous training of its personnel. A key determinant for the outcome of any mission is the training imparted to officers and men. Accordingly, Education Officers play a major role in training officers and sailors of the Indian Navy. Education Officers are responsible for scientific and methodical instructions including theoretical aspects of technical subjects of all Branches of the Navy and for the general educational advancement of its personnel.


Education Officers impart instructions in various Indian Naval Training Establishments including the prestigious Indian Naval Academy (INA) at Ezhimala. Education Officers are engaged in teaching science, technical and service subjects to naval cadets undergoing B.Tech training at INA. Education Officers also impart instructions/training to officers during their ab-initio and specialisation courses at technical training establishments like INS Valsura and INS Shivaji. In addition, Education Officers provide coaching and guidance to sailors for their career progression in service, as well as to enhance their resettlement opportunities by facilitating pursuance of various higher education courses. Education Officers are also responsible for conducting various in-service examinations for officers and sailors in online and offline modes at pan-India level using latest technology.

In order to meet the educational, professional and recreational needs of naval personnel, a large number of Naval Reference Libraries have been set up both onboard naval ships and at various naval establishments. Education Officers are responsible for setting up, functioning and introduction of latest techniques and technologies in these libraries.

One of the unique and important tasks of Education Officers is implementation of provisions of the Official Languages Act, 1963 and Official Languages Rules 1976 on the progressive use of Hindi in official work and monitoring of such progress.

Education Officers also provide meteorology/oceanography services support for maritime operations.

Selected Education Officers in senior ranks are also deputed as Principals and Vice Principals to various Sainik Schools across India.

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