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Career In Indian Army

What do they do?

The Indian Army (Hindi: Bhāratīya Thal Sēnā) is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Army,[4] and its professional head is the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general. Two officers have been conferred with the rank of field marshal, a five-star rank, which is a ceremonial position of great honour. The Indian Army originated from the armies of the East India Company, which eventually became the British Indian Army, and the armies of the princely states, which were merged into the national army after independence. The units and regiments of the Indian Army have diverse histories and have participated in a number of battles and campaigns around the world, earning many battle and theatre honours before and after Independence.

The primary mission of the Indian Army is to ensure national security and national unity, to defend the nation from external aggression and internal threats, and to maintain peace and security within its borders. It conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances, such as Operation Surya Hope, and can also be requisitioned by the government to cope with internal threats. It is a major component of national power, alongside the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force.[6] The army has been involved in four wars with neighbouring Pakistan and one with China. Other major operations undertaken by the army include Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot, and Operation Cactus. The army has conducted large peace time exercises such as Operation Brasstacks and Exercise Shoorveer, and it has also been an active participant in numerous United Nations peacekeeping missions, including those in Cyprus, Lebanon, Congo, Angola, Cambodia, Vietnam, Namibia, El Salvador, Liberia, Mozambique, South Sudan, and Somalia.

The Indian Army is operationally and geographically divided into seven commands, with the basic field formation being a division. Below the division level are permanent regiments that are responsible for their own recruiting and training. The army is an all-volunteer force and comprises more than 80% of the country's active defence personnel. It is the largest standing army in the world, with 1,237,117[7][8] active troops and 960,000 reserve troops.[9][10] The army has embarked on an infantry modernisation program known as Futuristic Infantry Soldier As a System (F-INSAS), and is also upgrading and acquiring new assets for its armoured, artillery, and aviation branches.

List of preferable institutions

There are many academies and colleges to train professional soldiers in strategies and techniques of the military along with warfare command, military sciences, and related technology.

So, if you want to become a solider or join the Indian Army, Indian Navy or the Indian Air Force, these are the defence training institutions you need to keep an eye on!

Here are 14 main defence training institutions in India:

1. Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC)

Place: Dehradun

Established: 1922

2. Army Cadet College (ACC)

Place: Dehradun

Established: 1929

3. Indian Military Academy (IMA)

Place: Dehradun

Established: 1932

4. National Defence Academy (NDA)

Place: Khadakwasla, Pune

Established: 1941

5. High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS)

Place: Gulmarg

Established: 1948

6.National Defence College (NDC)

Place: New Delhi

Established: 1960

7. Officers Training Academy (OTA)

Place: Chennai

Established: 1963

8. Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School

Place: Vairengte, Mizoram

Established: 1970

9. College of Defence Management

Place: Secunderabad

Established: 1970

10. College of Combat/Army War College

Place: Mhow, Madhya Pradesh

Established: 1971

11. Army School of Physical Training (ASPT)

Place: Pune

Established: 1978

12. Army Air Defence College (AADC)

Place: Gopalpur, Odisha

Established: 1989

13. Officers Training Academy

Place: Gaya

Established: 2011

14. Indian National Defence University (INDU)

Place: Gurgaon, Haryana

Established: 2013


Indian Army Salary: The Indian Army is the largest branch of the Indian Armed Forces. It is one of the largest standing armies in the world, with 1,129,900 active troops and 960,000 reserve troops. Indian Army is a major component of national power alongside the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force. It is responsible for land-based military operations.

National Security and National Unity is the primary mission of the Indian Army. It defends the nation from external aggression, internal threats and maintains peace and security in the borders. Working for the Indian Army is a matter of extreme pride and honour. Also, the Indian Army Salary is decent and includes various allowances and perks. In this article, we will provide you with detailed information regarding Indian Army Salary. Read on to find out.

Every year a huge number of vacancies are announced for various Indian Army posts. Indian Army Salary depends upon the ranks or trades of the Army personnel.

After the 6th Pay Commission, the pay scale of an Indian Army Officer has increased. Multiple allowances are given to the Indian Army Officers. There have been huge changes in the pay structure after the 7th Pay Commission. Let’s have a look at the Indian Army pay scale.

As you can see that the Indian Army provides lucrative salary packages and remuneration benefits to its employees. Here’s the detailed information about the gross Indian Army salary structure and pay scale for the various ranks.

What is Grade Pay & Basic Pay?

Grade Pay is the amount which government employees receive depending on the category, class and pay band of the employee.

Basic Pay is the base income of an employee, comprising of 35-50 % of the total salary. It is a fixed amount that is paid prior to any reduction or increases due to bonus, overtime or allowances. Basic salary is determined based on the Designation.

Other Allowances For Indian Army

There are various other allowances and perks given to an Army Personnel, which are listed below:

1. Lifelong Pension

2. Transportation Allowances

3. Dearness Allowances

4. Housing Allowances

5. Kit Maintenance Allowances

6. Field Area Allowances

7. Parachute Pay

8. High Altitude Allowances

9. Special Forces

10. Annual Leave of 2 Months

11. Casual Leave of 20 Days

12. Encash of Leave up to 300 Days of Last Pay Drawn

13. Study Leave of up to 2 Years with Full Pay and all Benefits

14. MBA Program for Retired Officers

15. Death Cum Retirement Gratuity and Foreign Postings.

In addition to these allowances, an Indian Army personnel enjoys various other benefits like:

1. Air/Rail Travel Concession

2. Free Hospital Facilities

3. Low-Interest Loans

4. Canteen Facilities, Rations, etc.

Whether it is availing medical facilities or social interaction, Indian Army provides the best of all. The Indian Army Salary and payscale also depends on the time duration of service, location, etc.,

FAQ’s On Indian Army Salary

Given are some of the frequently asked questions related to the Indian Army Pay:

Q1: How much does an Officer in the Indian Army earn?

Ans: In the Indian Army, officers get a starting pay of Rs.50,000 – Rs.65,000/-

Q2: What is the salary of a lieutenant in the Indian Army?

Ans: The salary of a Lieutenant in the Indian Army is Rs. 68,000

Q3: What is the average salary of a regular soldier?

Ans: The average salary of a soldier ranges from Rs.25,000 to Rs.30,000.


The life of an Indian army soldier is a prestigious and dignified one. Anyone can apply for a job in the Indian army, irrespective of his caste, religion, or class. The only criteria for recruitment, other than passing the age barrier is that the candidate meet the educational, physical, and medical standards as prescribed by the Indian army. The recruitment for the Indian army occurs all year round and the announcement for the same in found in all local newspapers. This announcement is released two weeks before the rally, which is conducted by the zone recruiting officer and the branch recruitment officers.

Documents Required

For aspiring soldiers, it is important to pay attention to the ad released. It is important that you carry the following documents when you go for the rally:

 Educational certificate/marksheet issued by the Recognized Education Board

 Residence Certificate with photograph issued by authorized signatory of the State Government/Tehsildar/SDM

 Caste Certificate with photograph signed by Village Sarpanch (except in the case of SIKH (Mazbi and Ramdasia), Gujjar and Gorkha candidates wherein it must be signed by the authorized signatory of the State Government/Tehsildar/SDM. Candidates belonging to Dogra Community must produce certificate with photograph issued by Tehsildar/Authorised Government Signatory.)

 Religion Certificate issued by the authorized signatory of the State Government/Tehsildar/SDM

 School Character Certificate issued by the Schools/Colleges Principal/Headmaster

 Character Certificate with photograph issued within the last six months by the Village Sarpanch/Municipal Corporation/Police

 Unmarried Certificate with photograph issued within the last six months by Village Sarpanch/District Administration (If candidate is below 21 years of age)

 Relationship Certificate issued by concerned Records Office (Applicable for only the Son of Serving Soldiers/Widows/War Widows, and Ex-servicemen)

 NCC A/B/C Certificates. In case of NCC Certificate holders relevant certificates and certificate for participation in Republic Day Parade to be produced

 Sports Certificate to be produced if represented in the following

o Represented India at International level.

o Represented State at National Level.

o Represented District at National Level.

o Represented University Team or Regional Team at District Level.

 Candidates having O+ Level Computer Certificate ‘Business Professional Programmer’ issued by the DOEACC Society

 Latest passport size photographs

 Kandi area certificate for applicable candidates issued by Tehsildar / Authorised Government Signatory



Minimum of 17 ½

Educational Qualifications:

SSLC/Matric with 45% marks in aggregate, and 33% in each subject. No minimum % is essential if higher qualifications exist

Physical Requirements

 1.6 km run for Endurance.

 Pull Ups on Beam (Under Grip) for Strength.

 9 feet Ditch for Courage.

 Zig-Zag Balance for Agility.

Some candidates get a special physical standard because of their genetic background, and in some cases the sections they are applying to. If the candidate is a sportsperson, belongs to a chronically poor area, or is the son of servicemen, war widows, ex-servicemen, and widows of servicemen, adopted son/son-in-law of a war widow, there is some relaxation in the standards applicable

Medical Requirements

A candidate for the post of soldier in the Army should have robust physique and good mental health. Chest should be well developed having minimum 5 cms expansion. The candidate for the post of soldier in the Army should have normal hearing with each ear and good binocular vision in both eyes. He should be able to read 6/6 in distant vision chart with each eye. The candidate for the post of soldier in the Army should have a colour vision of CP-III and should recognize red and green colours. The candidate for the post of soldier in the Army should have sufficient number of natural healthy gum and teeth i.e. minimum 14 dental points. The candidate for the post of soldier in the Army should not have disease like deformity of bones, hydrocele and varicocle or piles.

Skills and Attributes

 Effective intelligence

 sense of responsibility

 determination, courage

 speed in decision-making

 expertise at the job i.e. catering

 Leadership skills

 Team Work

 Loyalty

 Selflessness

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