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Career in Floriculture

What is a Floriculture?

Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. The development, via plant breeding, of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists.

What does Floriculture actually mean?

Floriculture crops include bedding plants, houseplants, flowering garden and pot plants, cut cultivated greens, and cut flowers. As distinguished from nursery crops, floriculture crops are generally herbaceous. Bedding and garden plants contains young flowering plants (annuals and perennials) and vegetable plants. they're grown in cell packs (in flats or trays), in pots, or in hanging baskets, usually inside a controlled environment, and sold largely for gardens and landscaping. Pelargonium ("geraniums"), Impatiens ("busy lizzies"), and Petunia are the best-selling bedding plants. the various cultivars of Chrysanthemum are the main perennial plant within the us.

Flowering plants are largely sold in pots for indoor use. the main flowering plants are poinsettias, orchids, florist chrysanthemums, and finished florist azaleas. Foliage plants also are sold in pots and hanging baskets for indoor and patio use, including larger specimens for office, hotel, and restaurant interiors.

Cut flowers are usually sold in bunches or as bouquets with cut foliage. the assembly of cut flowers is specifically referred to as the cut flower industry. Farming flowers and foliage employs special aspects of floriculture, like spacing, training and pruning plants for optimal flower harvest; and post-harvest treatment like chemical treatments, storage, preservation and packaging. In Australia and therefore the us some species are harvested from the wild for the cut flower market.

Types of career options in Floriculture-

Where Are Floriculturists required?

The need of floriculturists is in nurseries, Botanical Gardens, farm companies, Genetic companies, Agricultural product companies. Aspirants may teach at the school and university level as a professor. Floriculturists teaching within the college may become the trainer, professor, professor and professor.

They are also required in cosmetics and perfume manufacturing companies.

Many companies and firms employ the graduates of floriculture in various designations. Some outdoor design consultancy firms work in horticulture landscaping and plantation which employ floriculturists and horticulturists in supervisory positions for the expansion of gardens. you'll even be employed by the town planners and builders for his or her construction sites.

You can found out your own business in growing flowers for the export market, growing ornamental plants, running nurseries, or providing gardening and landscaping for advisory services. Cosmetics and perfume industry are other career options during which you would possibly be hired as a floriculturist within the perfume industry.

In the teaching profession, floriculturists also are needed. they will do the work in agricultural colleges as a teacher or Professor after clearing National Eligibility Test (UGC NET 2020).

Job Profiles under Floriculture Courses, namely,

  • Floral Designers

  • Interior Decorator

  • Production Managers

  • Management Analysts

  • Floral Wholesaler

  • Sales Representatives

  • Landscape Technician

What is the workplace of a Floriculture like?

The workplace is well-lighted, comfortable surroundings, room temperatures tend to be a little cooler than office or retail spaces, because temperatures are set low to help keep the flowers fresh.

People in this profession mostly work full time, although their hours may differ, depending on the location of their workplace.

Knowledge areas that need to be acquired –

  • Knowledge of how to grow and harvest flowers

  • Knowledge of flower diseases, weeds and pests, and how to control them

  • Knowledge of the local climate and weather conditions

  • Knowledge of soil science

  • Flower-grading skills

  • Knowledge of market certification and quality requirements

  • Skill using agricultural fertilisers and chemicals, and knowledge of the rules about their use

  • General maintenance and basic mechanical skills (particularly related to water pumps and glasshouse

  • Knowledge of employment and health and safety regulations

  • Administration, accounting and planning skills

  • Problem-solving skills

  • People management and communication skills

  • Computer skills


  • Instructing – Teaching others how to do something.

  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.

  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.

  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems

  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.

  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.

  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people

  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behaviour

  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.

Abilities –

  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.

  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles

  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

  • Self-Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behaviour, even in very difficult situations.

  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Personality –

Florists are artistic and enterprising

Florists tend to be predominantly artistic individuals, meaning that they are creative and original and work well in a setting that allows for self-expression. They also tend to be enterprising, which means that they are usually quite natural leaders who thrive at influencing and persuading others

Artistic ability. Designers use their sense of style to develop aesthetically pleasing designs.

Creativity. Floral designers use their artistic abilities and knowledge of design to develop appropriate designs for different occasions. They also must be open to new ideas, as trends in floral design change quickly.

Customer-service skills. Floral designers spend a substantial part of their day interacting with customers and suppliers. They must be able to understand what a customer is looking for, to explain options, and to ensure high-quality flowers and service.

Organizational skills. Floral designers need to be well organized, to keep the business operating smoothly and to ensure that orders are completed on time.

Education –

One can take admission within the undergraduate courses of floriculture after passing 10+2 examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Science courses after 12th). The admissions are going to be done on the idea of All India entrance exam or the doorway examination conducted by various universities. Admission to master’s course are going to be done through All India entrance exam (ICAR AIEEA 2020) is conducted by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR).

You can pursue following courses in the field of floriculture:

Certificate Courses:

  • Certificate in Floriculture Technology

  • Certificate course in Floriculture

Undergraduate Courses:

  • B.Sc. (Floriculture and Landscaping)

  • B.Sc. in Floriculture

Master’s Courses:

  • M.Sc. (Floriculture and Landscaping)

  • M.Sc. (Floriculture Business Management)

Job outlook –

Floriculture has tremendous potential in India. The different types of climatic conditions provide for the possibility of growing almost all the major cut flowers. Species of the world, whether of tropical, sub-tropical or temperate climate origin. However, flowers in India are produced in open field conditions, mostly during the mild winter months without use of any advanced technology. As a result, the quality and quantity available for marketing are heterogeneous and vary according to the prevailing weather conditions.

India has better opportunities in the development of the floriculture sector due to the following reasons:

  • Diverse climatic conditions and locations suited for growing different types of flowers

  • Skilled manpower to absorb the technology and implement the same at a relatively low cost

  • Soil and water supply at most locations

  • Good radiation/ sunlight leading to healthier plant growth and better quality flowers

  • Good period of sunlight even during the heavy rains leading to continued plant growth and yield

Floriculturists also are recruited by government bodies namely –

  • Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR)

  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)

  • Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA

  • Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER

  • CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI)


Depending on the nature of work and the position that the aspirant is holding, the earnings vary accordingly. Those who are employed at the worker level (like gardener, cutting and harvesting work) or at junior or technician level (i.e. in soil culture, packaging and storage work etc.) can expect to earn Rs.2000/- to Rs.5000/- per month. Senior officials and managers generally have a pay packet between Rs.10000/- to Rs. 30000/-. Those who are working independently can negotiate their fees or charges according to the place and nature of work. Professionals who have their own business, their profits and earnings changes on the availability of raw materials and lifestyle and purchasing power of their clients.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is father of floriculture?

Mario His father, Mario, was a tropical agronomist and botanist who also taught agriculture and floriculture. His father, Mario, was a tropical agronomist and botanist who also taught agriculture and floriculture.

How can floriculture be a good occupation?

Floriculture or flower growing can provide an interesting and exciting career for those seeking outdoor work involving growing, harvesting and preparing flowers and foliage for sale. Career choices within Floriculture are diverse, challenging and lucrative

What is floriculture and its importance?

Floriculture is an important branch of horticulture, which deals with cut or loose flowers, ornamental plants, such as foliage plants, trees, shrubs, climbers, palms, bamboo, cacti and succulents, dried flowers, essential oils and landscape gardening.

How do I become a Floriculturist?

To be eligible for joining a course for becoming a floriculturist one should have done 10+2 with science subject followed by B.Sc. Agriculture or Horticulture or related degrees. No age considerations are there for the age to join a course for becoming Floriculturist.

What is scope of floriculture?

Floriculture includes farming of flowering and ornamental plants that can be used as raw materials in the perfume industry and pharmaceutical sector. Due to increase in domestic need of flowers, the career scope in the field of floriculture is also increasing (Career Scope after 12th)

How many hours do floral designers work?

Working Conditions

They may also need to stand for long hours and deal with allergies to the flowers. Floral designers generally work forty to forty-eight hours per week, including Saturdays. Their hours may increase to prepare for an event like a wedding or to fill large holiday orders.

YouTube Links for further reference-

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