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Career in Central Bureau of Investigation

What is a CBI officer?

The Central Bureau of Investigation is the premier investigating agency of India. Operating under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, the CBI is headed by the Director. Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is an anti-corruption body in the country. It looks the matters related to crime and it is also the Interpol agency in India. The CBI has its Academy located at Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh. The academy was established in 1966. Over the years, it has emerged as a major police training institution. CBI has also opened three Regional Training Centres (RTC) at Kolkata, Chennai & Mumbai.

What does CBI officer do?

The broad function of the CBI is to investigate:

(1) Cases of corruption and fraud committed by public servants of all Central government, Departments, Central Public Sector Undertakings and Central Financial Institutions.

(2) Economic crimes, including bank frauds, financial frauds, Import Export & Foreign Exchange violations, large-scale smuggling of narcotics, antiques, cultural property and smuggling of other contraband items etc.

(3) Special Crimes, such as cases of terrorism, bomb blasts, sensational homicides, kidnapping for ransom and crimes committed by the mafia/the underworld.

The motto of CBI is "Industry, Impartiality and Integrity". The vision of CBI is to focus on the following:

1. Combating corruption publicly life, curb economic and violent crimes through meticulous investigation and prosecution.

2. Evolve effective systems and procedures for successful investigation and prosecution of cases in various law courts.

3. Help fight cyber and high technology crime.

4. Create a healthy work environment that encourages team-building, free communication and mutual trust.

5. Support state police organizations and enforcement agencies in national and international cooperation particularly concerning enquiries and investigation of cases.

6. Play a lead role within the war against national and transnational gang land.

7. Uphold Human Rights, protect the environment, arts, antiques and heritage of our civilization.

8. Develop a scientific temper, humanism and therefore the spirit of inquiry and reform.

9. Strive for excellence and professionalism in all spheres of functioning so that the organization rises to high levels of endeavour and achievement.

Structure of CBI officers-

The CBI is headed by a director, an IPS officer with a rank of Director General of Police or Commissioner of Police (State). The director is appointed for a term of two years.

The amended Delhi Special Police Establishment Act empowers a committee to appoint the director of CBI. The committee comprises of the following people:

(1) Prime Minister (chairperson)

(2) Leader of Opposition

(3) Chief Justice of India or a Supreme Court Judgerecommendedby the Chief Justice.

What is the workplace of aCBI officer like?

To work for CBI is like to work in any Govt. Enforcement Agency. You've to work tirelessly on files and less on field. This job provides you opportunity to travel across the country and you also draw 25% extra salary over to your Basic salary as hardships allowances.

It is just like working in any police department. But the big difference is that there is little scope for corruption and misuse of government funds or facilities. Unlike in other government departments, you are put through difficult working conditions, with tough demands and regulations. But you keep meeting high personalities because your cases on hand need you to question them and collect evidence. You will have the satisfaction when you complete investigation and see the accused is convicted.

Knowledge areas that need to be acquired –

  • The CBI officer is responsible for the maintenance of all Files/Registers pertaining to the cases under investigation in the Branch.

  • The CBI officer is responsible for attending to all Parliament Questions and V.I.P references.

  • The CBI officer is responsible for informing of Progress and monitoring of all instructions issued to theCBI officer is responsible for Investigating Officers and their replies.

  • The CBI officer is responsible for ensuring deposit of all case properties

  • The CBI officer is responsible for the investigation of Officers

  • The CBI officer is responsible for the final disposal in respect of the cases which have not been sent up for trial.

  • The CBI officer is responsible for maintenance and submission of Case Diaries of under investigation cases and The CBI officer is responsible for transferring the same to the Prosecution

  • The CBI officer is responsible for entering and maintaining data

  • The CBI officer is responsible for organizing the monthly crime meetings of the Branch.

  • The CBI officer is responsible for ensuring follow-up actions thereon. The CBI officer is responsible for attending to any other matter relating to the investigation/enquiries of cases as

  • The CBI officer is responsible for directed by the Branch SP from time to time.


1. Sharp, analytical mind

2. Physical fitness

3. Stamina

4. Mental alertness

5. High levels of concentration

6. Keen powers of observation

7. Logical, rational and analytical thinking

8. Willingness to travel

9. Ability to adapt to long, erratic working hours

10. Willingness to work in remote and dangerous territories

Abilities –

To discharge his duties one has got to be very brave, hardworking, honest also as tactful as he has got to affect numerous status people, sometimes even their own bosses which will use their influence in high echelons to save lots of themselves and successively prove the officer wrong or impartial. this is often employment of an individual with fire in him but that ought to be controlled by him and will be used as and when required during their raids and investigation judicially.

Personality –

1. Educational Qualification To be eligible for becoming an ASI in CBI one should hold a Bachelor of any stream. 2. Age The candidate must have attained the age of 20 years on 1st July of the year of examination and must not have attained 27 years of age on that date. The upper age limit will be relaxed by 3 years for OBC candidates and 5 years for SC/ST candidates. The upper age limit is also relaxed in favour of certain categories of employees working under the Government of India and Defence Services Personnel. 3. Physical Requirements a. Height i. For men -165cms. ii. For women -150cms Height relaxable for Hillmen and Tribals: 5cms b. Chest: 76cms. with expansion (There shall be no such requirement in the case of female candidates) c. Vision: Eye-Sight (with or without glasses) Distant Vision: 6/6 in one and 6/9 in other eyes. NearVision:0.6 in one eye and 0.8 in another eye

Education –

Short service commission SSC’s Combined Graduate Level (CGL) examination.

The minimum eligibility for a candidate to appear for the Combined graduate level exam is to have an undergraduate degree from any recognized university. You should be below the age of 25 and also meet the physical and medical requirements. It involves three stages. The combined graduate level examination, followed by medical examination and personal interview.

· Combined graduate level examination

The combined graduate level examination consists of two rounds of written examination. Both the rounds are going to be objective in nature and therefore the candidate will need to attempt answering multiple-choice questions.

The first round has just one paper and therefore the duration of this round are going to be 2 hours. This paper intends to check a candidate’s general intelligence and reasoning skills, general awareness, quantitative aptitude, and English comprehension. This paper will have 200 questions with each carrying one mark.

The second round has two papers with each having 200 hundred questions. A candidate is going to be given 2 hours for every paper and his or her quantitative aptitude and English abilities are going to be tested during this round.

· Medical examination

You must remember of things that happen during the choice process for police service or the military.Alongside all those educational requirements, you'll even have to satisfy the physical requirements also. in any case the items I told you earlier about the central bureau of investigation, you can’t expect to urge away with this part. Your physical and mental fitness, your ability to cope up with different physically challenges, all are going to be tested here. And in fact, the wants are going to be a touch different for males and females. you'll check the SSC official notification for more details about this stage.

· Personal interview

First of all, you'll get here as long as the primary two stages are cleared. Here, a panel from the central bureau of investigation will interview you. they're going to test your abilities again to work out if you're the proper candidate. this is often the ultimate stage of the method and you'll join the CBI as a sub-inspector if you clear this.

From here you'll need to climb up the ladder to succeed in top-level position. This happens through promotion by seniority or Limited Departmental Competitive Examination.

UPSC Civil services examination

There is a provision for IPS officers to get transferred to State Police Cadres which includes CBI, IB, and RAW. Here, they can join the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) as group A officers. But for this, you’ve to become an IPS officer first.

You’ve to clear that with a rank good enough to qualify for Indian Police service (IPS). Then, you can try for a transfer to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

Now, how to become an IPS officer? That’s common knowledge. IPS is one of the All India Services (AIS) and the recruitment happens through UPSC Civil service examination. The Civil Services examination has 3 stages. Namely, the prelims, the mains, and personal interviews.

The preliminary exam is popularly known as Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT). It consists of two objective type papers. This is followed by the main exam and the personal interview. While submitting the application form for mains, you will have the option to choose the service you wish to get preference for. If you’re going for IAS, you should choose IAS as the first preference. The main exam consists of 9 conventional subjective type papers.

Job outlook –

Promotion under CBI is the following:-

1. Sub- Inspector (5 to 6 years)

2. Inspector (7 to 8 years)

3. Deputy Superintendent (Gazetted Rank) (5 to 6 Years)

4. Additional Superintendent (4 to 5 years)

5. Superintendent (4 to 5 years)

6. Senior Superintendent

The salary of a CBI officer is as follows:-

1. Basic salary:- Rs. 44,900

2. DA

3. HRA

4. TA

5. Petrol Bill

6. Mobile Bill

7. SIA (20% of BS) as of now (24 to 25% expected in future)

8. Maximum in hand salary:- Rs. 58,000 to Rs. 65,000

9. Gross salary:- Rs. 72,000

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the difference in CBI vs. State Police?

Primarily, state police is responsible to maintain law and order in the state. CBI may investigate:

• Cases which are essentially against central government employees or concerning affairs of the Central government.

• Cases in which the financial interests of the central government are involved.

• Cases relating to the breaches of central laws with the enforcement of which the government of India is mainly concerned.

• Big cases of fraud, cheating, embezzlement and similar other cases when committed by organized gangs or professional criminals having ramifications in several States.

Cases having interstate and international ramifications and involving several official agencies where it is considered necessary that a single investigating agency should be in charge of the investigation.

2. Can a girl become CBI officer?

Female candidates can become CBI officer. Girls can apply for Sub Inspector post in CBI through SSC Combined Graduate Level examination and for higher posts in CBI, you can clear Civil Services examination and join Indian Police Services. SSC CGL exam has three stages Tier I, Tier II and Tier III for final selection

3. Do CBI officers have uniform?

CBI being an investigative agency has no need for a uniform. They have no uniform, officers wear formals and conduct investigations. Hence no insignia. Uniforms are required where police presence needs to be felt.

4. Which subject is best for CBI officer?

Focus on the task ahead and clear 12th class with any stream be it arts, commerce or science. After graduation, there is more than one way to join Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

5. Which is the highest post in CBI?

Sub Inspector in CBI has the highest salary among all SSC CGL Posts

6. What is power of CBI officer?

For the purpose of its case, CBI Investigating Officers in a particular area/ jurisdiction, have all powers that the Station In-charge/ SHO of that area/jurisdiction has. This includes search, seizure, arrest. Reality is same in all Govt. Organizations. Seniors formulate and Juniors execute.

7. What is the course for CBI?

CBI (Central Bureau of Investigation), to join in CBI you need to crack CGPE (Combined Graduate Preliminary Exam). CGPE exam is conducted by the SSC (STAFF SELECTION COMMISSION) once in every year. Eligibility criteria: The candidate should be complete graduation from any recognised university.

8. How can I join crime branch?

Candidates who wish to join the CBI must write the Union Public Service Commission Examination. WITH B.Com degree you are eligible to become an officer in Crime Branch. Graduates from recognized institutes can apply in CBI as officers. Minimum age limit to attend this exam is 21 years

9. What is qualification of CBI officer?

The minimum qualification required to become a CBI officer is a bachelor's degree.

You need to be a graduate in any discipline of your choice from a recognized university. For the post of Assistants and Sub-Inspectors in CBI your age should be between 20 and 27 years.

10. What does a CBI officer do?

CBI is the investigating agency which provides security in India. The CBI has known to investigate various crimes like economic crimes, corruption crimes, special crimes and other high profile crimes.

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