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Career in Central Armed Police Forces


The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to uniform nomenclature of security forces in India under the authority of MinistryofHomeAffairs. They are the AssamRifles (AR), BorderSecurityForce (BSF), CentralReservePoliceForce (CRPF), CentralIndustrialSecurityForce (CISF), Indo-TibetanBorderPolice (ITBP) and NationalSecurityGuard (NSG) and SashastraSeemaBal (SSB).

Organisation and leadership

Central Armed Police Forces are organized with the primary role of border guarding for BSF, ITBP, SSB; Security of sensitive establishments by CISF, Assisting Police to tackle Law & Order, Counter-Terrorist Operations, Counter Naxal Operations by CRPF, NSG. Apart from the primary role, all CAPFs are involved in assisting Police in Law & Order situations and also Army in Counter-Terrorist Operations. BSF & CRPF have assisted the army during external aggression in the past. CAPFs work along with both Army & Police in different roles assigned to them.

Central Armed Police Forces personnel also serve in various important organisations such as ResearchandAnalysisWing (RAW), SpecialProtectionGroup (SPG), NationalInvestigationAgency (NIA), IntelligenceBureau (IB), CentralBureauofInvestigation (CBI), NationalDisasterResponseForce (NDRF), NarcoticsControlBureau (NCB) and IndianArmy on deputation. Their role and performance, therefore, assumes a great significance due to the special features of an emergency force which is pressed in aid to the civil power to perform multiple roles in extremely difficult situations.

Organized Group ‘A’ Service (OGAS) to Group ‘A’ Executive Cadre Officers

Supreme Court Ruling

On 5 February 2019, the Supreme Court of India ruled that all CAPFs would be granted better pay benefits or Non-Functional Financial Upgradation (NFFU), and the status of Organised Group ‘A’ Services (OGAS), ending a nearly decade-long battle for the central armed police. In a landmark judgment by Justices Rohinton Fali Nariman and M R Shah, the court said the CAPF officers–from BSF, CRPF, SSB, ITBP, and CISF– will now be granted the NFFU and will be considered as organized group A Central Services.

Approval By Cabinet

On July 2019, Union Cabinet granted Organized Group 'A' Service (OGAS) status to Group 'A' executive cadre officers of the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF). It also extended the benefit of Non-Functional Financial Upgradation(NFFU) and Non-Functional Selection Grade (NFSG) to the executive cadre officers at an enhanced rate of 30%.

Recruitment, ranks and structure

Recruitment of candidates to the CAPFs may be conducted by the UnionPublicServiceCommission, the StaffSelectionCommission, or the respective service HQs depending on the post to be filled. There are three possible pathways for recruitment to the CAPFs:

Gazetted officers

Officers in CAPFs are recruited through the Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination conducted by UPSC. They are appointed as Assistant Commandants and are Gazetted Officers generally referred to as DAGOs (Directly Appointed Gazetted Officers) in CRPF, AC (Direct Entry) in BSF. DEGOs (Departmental Entry Gazetted Officers) are those officers who have been promoted through departmental exams conducted internally for Subordinate Officers

Subordinate officers

Sub Inspectors are recruited through competitive examination conducted by Staff Selection Commission and they are referred to as DASOs (Directly Appointed Subordinate Officers). DESOs (Departmental Entry Subordinate Officers) are those officers who have been promoted through departmental exams conducted internally for Constables, Head Constables, and Assistant Sub Inspectors.


Constables are recruited through a competitive examination conducted by Staff Selection Commission.

Apart from the above modes, CAPFs conduct recruitment for specialized posts such as Engineers, Doctors, etc. among DAGOs and Wireless operators, Technicians, Nursing Staff, etc. among subordinate officers and constables directly under their own authority.

Women in the Central Armed Police Forces

Initially, women were not recruited for the Central Armed Police Forces. In 1992 AshaSinha created history by being the first Woman Commandant of any of the Central Armed Forces in India when she was selected as Commandant, CentralIndustrialSecurityForce, for MazagonDockShipbuildersLimited. Earlier the role of Women was allowed but limited to supervisory roles in the Central Armed Police Forces. The ParliamentaryCommitteesofIndia for women's empowerment recommended greater roles for women in the CAPF. On these recommendations, the MinistryofHomeAffairs declared reservation for women in constabulary in paramilitary forces, and later declared that they can also be inducted as officers in combat roles in all five Central Armed Police Forces. The Union Home Minister announced that women's representation in the CRPF and CISF would be made 15 percent while it would be 5 percent in the BSF, ITBP and SSB. On 5 January 2016, it was decided that 33 percent of posts at the constabulary level would be reserved for women in the CRPF and the CISF to begin with, and 14-15 percent of posts at the constable level in the BSF, SSB and ITBP in a phased manner, Rijiju said. In 2016, an IPS Officer Archana Ramasundaram of 1980 Batch rewrote history when she became the first woman to become the DirectorGeneralofPolice of a Paramilitary Force as DG, SashastraSeemaBal.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

The CentralReservePoliceForce is the largest of the Central Armed Police Forces units with 313,678 personnel in 245 battalions.The Central Reserve Police includes:

Border Security Force (BSF)

Women personnel of Indian BorderSecurityForce

The primary role of the BorderSecurityForce is to guard the Indo-Pakistan and Indo-Bangladesh borders, it is deployed both on the international border and the LOC. The BSF also has active roles during times of war. It has 257,363 personnel in 186 battalions.

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)

One of the largest industrial security forces in the world, the CentralIndustrialSecurityForce provides security to various PublicSectorUndertakings (PSUs) and other critical infrastructure installations, majorairports across the country and provides security during elections and other internalsecurity duties and VVIPprotection. It has a total strength of about 144,418 personnel in 132 battalions.including 9 reserve battalions.

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)

The Indo-TibetanBorderPolice is deployed for guarding duties on the Indo-Chinaborder from KarakoramPass in Ladakh to DiphuPass in ArunachalPradeshcovering a total distance of 3488 km. It has 89,432 personnel in 56 fighting, 2 DM and 4 specialized battalions.

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

The objective of the SashastraSeemaBal (English: Armed Border Force) is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan borders. It has 76,337 personnel and 67 battalions, as well as some reserved battalions.

Assam Rifles (AR)

AssamRifles contingent during the 64th Republic Day Parade in New Delhi, India.

The AssamRifles can trace their lineage back to a paramilitary police force that was formed under the British in 1835 called Cachar Levy. Since then the Assam Rifles have undergone a number of name changes before the name Assam Rifleswas finally adopted in 1917. Over the course of its history, the Assam Rifles and its predecessor units have served in a number of roles, conflicts, and theatres including World War I where they served in Europe and the Middle East, and World War II where they served mainly in Burma. In the post World War II period the Assam Rifles has expanded greatly as has its role. There are currently 63,747 personnel and 46 battalions of Assam Rifles under the control of the Indian MinistryofHomeAffairs (MHA) and they perform many roles including the provision of internal security under the control of the army through the conduct of counter insurgency and border security operations, provision of aid to the civil power in times of emergency, and the provision of communications, medical assistance and education in remote areas. In times of war, they can also be used as a combat force to secure rear areas if needed.

National Security Guard (NSG)

The NationalSecurityGuard (NSG) is a counterterrorism unit under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was raised in 15 October 1984, following OperationBlueStar, AkshardhamTempleattack and the assassination of IndiraGandhi, "for combating terrorist activities with a view to protect states against internal disturbances". Currently it has 7,350 personnel.

What do they do

CentrAl Armed Police Forces does everything under the sun required for nationa

Securityl. Beside being pressed into an array of onerous security operations,they take on the Maoists in some of India's thoughest terrains.The CAPF forces battle terrorists, insurgents and Naxalits and even play a role in the smooth conduct of elections.

CAPF which are tasked with doing the job of both the armyand the police in guarding the borders as well as battling terrorists and insurgents are 365 days swinging becomes exhaustive at times but that's part of our job.

Requirements What is CAPF - AC Exam? The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to the uniform nomenclature of seven security forces in India under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs. They are the Assam Rifles (AR), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Security Guard (NSG), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB). Recruitment is conducted mainly in three modes

  • Gazetted Officers: Officers in CAPFs are recruited through the Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination conducted by UPSC.

  • Subordinate Officers: Sub Inspectors are recruited through competitive examination conducted by the Staff Selection Commission and they are referred as DASOs (Directly Appointed Subordinate Officers).

  • Constables: Constables are recruited through competitive examination conducted by the Staff Selection Commission.

List of preferable institutions

CAPF - AC Coaching Centres The coaching centres play a vital role in providing a resource guide for all the entrance exams. Coaching centres help aspirants to prepare for every aspect of the exam. Be it providing information about the exam, syllabus to focus on, training on how to tackle the exam, attending mock test etc., Careerindia has a list of well-known coaching centres that serve as an additional aid for your preparation. SL.No. Coaching Centre Name Address With Contact Details

1 . The Cavalier, Delhi Address: #1055 Ground Floor, Near- HDFC Bank Opp: Govt. Boys School, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, New Delhi - 110 009 Phone No: 011 - 41446601 / 47081169 / 49536470 Email Id: / Website:

2 . Ajabs's Academy Address: #202, Jaina House, 2nd Floor, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi - 110 009 Phone No: 011 - 45524887 / +91 8447557386 Email Id: / Website:

3. Delhi Group Career Address: #C-313, Sector - 7, Dwaraka, Near Ramphal Chowk, New Delhi - 110 077 Phone No: +91 8968876381 / +91 8968875651 Website:

4. Delhi Group Career Address: #SCO 215-216-217, First Floor, Near ICICI Bank, Opposite Petrol Pump, Sector - 34 B, ByChandigarh - 160 022 Phone No: +91 8968875651 / +91 8968876381 Website:

5. Dhaliwal's New Careers Academy Address: #2570, First Floor, Sector 35C, 44B, Sector 50D, Chandigarh - 160 022 Phone No: +91 9501070051 / +91 9814161322 Email Id: Website:

6. Study Campus Address: #407/B, Metro Gate Exit #4, Above Anupam Stationery, Andheri (East), Mumbai - 400 069 Phone No: 022 - 41237666 / +91 9930476636 Email Id: / Website:

7. Shatrujeet Academy Address: Shiv Samarth Vidyalaya, 1st Floor, Ram Murthi Road, Naupada, Thane West - 400 602 Phone No: +91 9920901555 Email Id: Website: Knowledge

CAPF(AC) Exam Syllabus:

(A) Selection Procedure/Scheme: -

(i) Written Examination: The written examination to be conducted by Union Public Service Commission and will comprise two papers. Paper I will be held from 10 a.m. to 12.00 Noon and Paper II will be held from 2.00 p.m. to 5.00 p.m.

Paper I : General Ability and Intelligence - 250 Marks

The questions in this paper will be of Objective (Multiple Answers) Type in which the questions will be set in English as well as Hindi.

Paper II : General Studies, Essay and Comprehension - 200 Marks

In this paper candidates will be allowed the option of writing the Essay Component in English or Hindi, but the medium of Precis Writing, Comprehension Components and other communications/ language skills will be English only.

Implementation Aspects:

  • You will Get 7 booklets.

  • Study Kit will be delivered to your postal Address after payment confirmation.

  • After dispatching your kit we will provide you a courier tracking details.

  • For any help we will provide Telephonic & Email Support to the candidates.

Job outlook or income

CAPF AC Salary and Job Profile

The Union Public Service Commission will soon release the Official Notification for UPSC Central Armed Police Forces for the post of Assistant Commandant. There are five branches of CAPF which are Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force(CISF), Indo‐Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB). This job comes with a lot of responsibilities as it is under the Minister of Home Affairs. It is a golden opportunity for all the aspirants as it is a government job and comes with perks and benefits. The UPSCCAPFAC has a lot of scope for promotion and career growth. The salary received by the UPSC CAPF Assistant Commandant is also a good amount and increases with the promotion and responsibilities that come with it. We have decoded every minute detail for your understandings. Read the entire to know about the UPSC CAPF Salary & Job Profile 2020.

CAPF AC Salary StructureThe candidates who have applied for the Union Public Service Commission CAPF AC will receive the salary in the following structure. The salary has been divided into the basic pay, DA, In-hand salary, and the grade pay. To know more, refer to the table to know the breakdown of the salary.

UPSC, there comes a lot of perks and benefits. Go through the list mentioned below to know more about it.

  • Dearness Allowance

  • Money for Ration

  • House Rent Allowance

  • Special Duty Allowance

  • Medical Allowance

  • Transport Allowance

  • Hardship Allowanc lowance

Basic Pay 15,600/-

Grade Pay 5,400/-

Dearness Allowance 26,250/-

In hand salary 44,135/-

Frequently asked questions

1.Exam Pattern Of CAPF Exam?

This exam is conducted in three stages. Stage 1: Written Exam(450 marks) Paper-I – General and Mental Ability: 250 Marks, Duration: 2 hours Paper-II- General Studies, Essay, and Comprehension: 200 marks, Duration: 3 hours Stage 2: Physical Standards/Physical Efficiency Tests and Medical Standards Tests. Stage 3: Interview/ Personality test (150 marks).

2.How prepared for UPSC CAPF Selection Process?

includes written test, physical & medical standards test, physical efficiency test (popularly known as PET), personality test and interview. The rigorous tiers of examination serve as elimination at each round until few remain after interview to be recommended for the position of Assistant Commandants.

  • The first round, written examination, involves test of general thinking, general studies, essay writing and comprehension based questions.

  • Candidates who qualify the written test are then asked to fill DAF (Detailed Application Form) and issued the call letter for physical efficiency test (PET) and medical standards test.

  • Another list of qualified candidates is prepared after PET and candidates are put through the final round of interview and personality test.

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Thank for sharing this valuable information!!

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