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Career in Agriculture Science

Who is an Agricultural Scientist?

An Agricultural Scientist conducts research to test the production of crops and animals aiming to improve the production of the farm business. They experiment using different fertilizers and pesticides and study various environmental factors to enhance the crops for the profitability of the production. They invent various different techniques for the following and introduce them to the world for the betterment of the agricultural business.

What do they do?

They experiment and design various new techniques to improve the production in the agricultural business. They do field and lab research and make reports based on them for analyzing results. Agricultural scientists conduct tests, collect samples and analyze issues in the production and solve them. They find ways to produce more healthy and efficient food.

Types of Agricultural Science:

Agriculture including horticulture and forestry: agricultural study of plants and their management but from different perspectives where horticulture is the cultivation of plants by crop breeding, plant propagation, genetic engineering whereas forestry includes management, protection and utilization of forest and plantations.

Veterinary Science: treating and curing the diverse types of birds and animals.

Animal husbandry including fishery: rearing livestock of animals like cattle or pigs etc. whereas fishery can be termed as rearing of fishes for meat consumption.

Agricultural engineering: designing of agricultural machinery, equipment and structures. They also develop the processing of existent agricultural products.

What is the work place of an Agricultural Scientist?

Agricultural scientists either work in labs or in the fields:

1. Lab work for an agricultural scientist includes doing experiments, or making reports, or testing or making different fertilizers and combinations of other works for improvement in the field.

2. Field work for an agricultural scientist is to test the prepared product on the plants or animals, breeding of plants, and all the other work on the agricultural site other than in the labs.

Skills and Abilities:

Interest in research: an agricultural scientist should have knowledge about research processes and methods, various studies are meant to be focused before improvisation technique.

Good communication: good communication is very much needed to write the reports in a proper and understandable manner, and be able to understand and make others understand what is to be done.

Innovation: new and innovative ideas are to be invented and thus being creative and innovative is necessary for the agricultural scientists involved in production of new techniques.

Patience: the production of crops needs time and patience because it takes time for the crops to grow from the scratch.

Perceive and Visualize: identifying patterns and comparing.

Mathematics: using scientific methods to solve problems, and using mathematical skills to solve problems.


A degree in relevant subjects such as biology, chemistry, soil science, animal nutrition or agriculture, etc.

Postgraduate work includes specialization in a particular area of agricultural science and doctorate degrees might be required depending on the type of work.


1. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University,


Total Fee Rs. 44,825 per year.

2. Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University,

Guntur, AP.

Total Fees Rs. 26,700 per year.

3. Lovely Professional University;


Total Fees Rs.156,800 per year

Job Outlook:

Freshers with a bachelor’s degree can expect a salary of INR 18K to 25K. With experience there are chances to get a salary of about INR 6 to 10 L. Research professionals within the academic setups can earn in the range of INR 55,000 to 80,000 per month.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Why is agricultural science important?

Agricultural science is important because it's the most necessary field of our industry, food products are the basic need of human as well as animal species. Thus, working in the improvisation of this field serves to improve human life and its quality.

What is the best course in ICAR?

Best course depends upon your aptitude and choice. All the courses are important in their own way; the selection depends on the area of interest you have. The available courses are agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishery, food technology, engineering, home science, dairy technology, veterinary sciences, and sericulture.

What is it like to be an Agricultural Scientist?

Being an agricultural scientist helps in the development of food industries. Being a part of it helping in the development of new techniques and getting to do more in the field is like being a part of human development. Getting to work in the field as an all-time job is what agriculture science provides.

What is some good advice for an agriculture student?

Attending class, completing homework, assignment and involving yourself in field and practical work will pay off for your course. For being good at anything you are supposed to be self-motivated all the time.

Strong communication, mathematical skills , research analysis should be perfect, and innovative personality is a must.

Are government jobs available for this profile?

There are many government jobs available for an agricultural scientist. They pay you the same as any other profile in any field pays for a fresher but with experience salary increases. Government jobs also provide other benefits like holidays and pension facilities, insurance, etc.

How difficult is it to be an agricultural scientist?

It is as difficult as any other profession, you need to be interested in what you are studying and focused. Self-motivation is very much needed to be good at any work you do. Being an agricultural scientist is very much interesting as being an all-time field job.

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