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Career in Aerospace Engineering

Who is an Aerospace Engineer?

Aerospace engineers design aircraft and propulsion systems, and study the aerodynamic performance of aircraft.

What do they do?

● Perform engineering duties in designing, constructing and testing aircraft, missiles and spacecraft. May conduct basic and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and equipment to aircraft design and manufacture. May recommend improvements in testing equipment and techniques.

● Formulate mathematical models or other methods of computer analysis to develop, evaluate or modify design, according to customer engineering requirements.

● Plan or conduct experimental, operational or stress tests on models or prototypes of aircraft or aerospace systems or equipment.

● Formulate conceptual design of aeronautical or aerospace products or systems to meet customer requirements or conform to environmental regulations.

Branches of aerospace engineering:

Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft.

It has 2 major branches: Aeronautical engineering and Astronautical engineering.

Aeronautical engineers: They are involved primarily in designing aircraft and propulsion systems and in studying the aerodynamic performance of aircraft and construction materials.

Astronautical engineers: They work with the science and technology of spacecraft and how they perform inside and outside the earth’s atmosphere.

Work Environment:

Aerospace engineers are employed in industries whose workers design or build aircraft, missiles, systems for natural defense, or spacecraft. Aerospace engineers are employed primarily in manufacturing, analysis and design, research and development and the federal government.

Knowledge Areas That Need to Be Acquired:

Engineering and technology-

● Product and service development

● Design

Math and Science-

● Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus or statistics

● Physics

Arts and Humanities-

● English language

Manufactured or Agricultural Goods-

● Manufacture and distribution of products.


Basic Skills-

● Thinking about pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

● Reading work related information.

Problem Solving-

● Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

People and Technology Systems-

● Thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one.

● Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.

Technological Skills:

Analytical or Scientific Software

● The Math Works MATLAB

● Thermal Synthesizer System TSS

Computer aided design CAD software

● Autodesk AutoCAD

● Dassault Systemes SolidWorks

Development environment software

● Microsoft Visual Basic

● National Instruments Lab VIEW



● Read and understand what is written

● Communicate by speaking

Ideas and Logic

● Make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information.

● Notice when problems happen.


● Choose the right type of math to solve a problem.

● Add, subtract, multiply or divide.

Detailed Work Activities:

● Direct and coordinate the design, manufacture and testing of aircrafts and aerospace products.

● Assess proposals for projects to determine if they are technically and financially feasible

● Determine if proposed projects will result in safe operations that meet defined goals.

● Evaluate designs to see that the products meet engineering principles, customer requirements and environmental regulations.

● Develop acceptance criteria for design methods, quality standards, and sustainment after delivery, and completion dates.

● Ensure that projects meet quality standards.

● Inspect malfunctioning or damaged products to identify sources of problems and possible solutions.


People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking and figuring things out.

They do well at jobs that need:

● Attention to Detail

● Analytical Thinking

● Dependability

● Adaptability/Flexibility

● Initiative

● Stress Tolerance

Work Values:

● Independence

● Recognition


Entry-level Aerospace engineers usually need a bachelor’s degree.

  • Associate Degrees in Aerospace engineering

  • Bachelors in Aerospace engineering

High school students interested in studying aerospace engineering should take courses in chemistry, physics, advanced math and computer programming and computer languages.

Job Outlook:

New job opportunities are more likely in the future.

In India, the average salary of an Aerospace Engineer as a fresher is above 6 lakhs per annum.

An Aerospace Engineer graduated from IITs may expect the maximum salary of 15 lakhs per annum.


1. Is Aerospace engineering a good degree?

Yes, Aerospace Engineering is a good choice to enhance the career in the aviation industry.

2. Is Aerospace engineering hard?

Nothing about Aerospace is any more difficult than ME, EE, ChemE, etc.

You will have to work through high level math, physics and some chemistry before even getting into the main coursework.

3. Is Aerospace engineering good for a girl?

You can definitely do an aeronautical engineering. The field is definitely good for girls too. If you have an interest in the field then choose aeronautical engineering without hesitation, upon completion of course you can get good pay jobs too.

4. Can an Aerospace Engineer become a pilot?

To become a pilot, you need a bachelor’s degree in aircraft operations, aviation, aeronautical engineering or a related field. Also, you will complete up to two months of ground training and need more than 1500 hours of flight experience.

5. Are Aerospace Engineers in demand?

It’s no secret that aerospace engineers are in demand. The Bureau of Labor statistics projects that aerospace engineering jobs will grow at a rate of six percent between 2016 and 2026. Aerospace engineers are in demand around the world.

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