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Career as an Indian Coast Guard


1. What is Indian Coast Guard?

The Indian Coast Guard is a multi-mission organization, conducting round-the-year real-life operations at sea. Despite being relatively small, it has a wide range of task capabilities for both surface and air operations. The organization is headed by the Director General Indian Coast Guard (DGICG) exercising his overall command and superintendence from the Coast Guard Headquarters (CGHQ) located at New Delhi.


2. What are the duties of Indian Coast Guard Personnel?

a. Safety and Protection of Artificial Islands and Offshore Terminals

Coast Guard ships and aircraft undertake regular patrols to keep the Offshore Development Areas (ODAs), on both the Eastern and Western seaboard under surveillance.


b. Protection of Fishermen

Coast Guard ships and shore establishments conduct regular Community Interaction Programmes (CIPs) to apprise the fisher-folk about safety measures to be adopted at sea. Information regarding upkeep and maintenance of boats and fishing gear is also imparted. Maritime security related aspects are also disseminated to fisherfolk.


c. Assistance to Fishermen in Distress at Sea

The Maritime Rescue Coordination Centers (MRCCs) co-located with RHQs, coordinate the Search and Rescue (SAR) efforts undertaken by Coast Guard units. Effective liaison is also maintained with the concerned state government departments for expeditious launch of SAR missions and their successful culmination.


d. Preservation and Protection of Marine Environment

The Indian Coast Guard is engaged with environmentalists for preservation and protection of the marine environment, including flora and fauna.


e. Prevention and Control of Marine Pollution

The Indian Coast Guard conducts regular training for all stakeholders and oil agencies, and continuously validates various contingency plans to prevent environmental damage in case of marine oil-spills. It has developed the capability to be the "first-responder" for oil-spills in Indian waters


f. Assisting the Customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling operations

The Indian Coast Guard, in coordination with the Customs and other enforcement agencies, undertakes operations to prevent ingress and egress of contraband, and other items on the banned list.


g.Enforcement of Maritime Laws in Force

Indian Coast Guard ships and aircraft undertake regular patrols to enforce maritime laws, and other regulations and international treaties to which India is a signatory.


h.Safety of Life and Property at Sea

Indian Coast Guard ships and aircraft operations mitigate the effect of maritime accidents, and help in ensuring safety and security from natural or man-made disasters.


I. Collection of Scientific Data

Whilst on patrol, ICG ships collect relevant information regarding meteorological and oceanographic data for analysis and use by the scientific fraternity.


3. What are the types of Service Posts one can join into?

One can join ICG as Navik(soldier entry) or as Assistant Commandant( Officer entry).

The Officer's entry has the following posts:

(a) Asst. Commandant General Duty

(b) Asst. Commandant General Duty (Pilot)

(c) Asst. Commandant Technical (Electrical/Electronics)

(d) Asst. Commandant Technical (Mechanical/Aeronautical)

(e) Asst. Commandant General Duty (Law)

(f) Asst. Commandant (Commercial Pilot License-SSA)


The Sailor entry has the following posts:

a. Yantrik: The Yantriks are said to be the backbone of the Indian Coast Guard. They operate and maintain the machinery and tools of the Indian Coast Guard ships.

b. Navik(GD) :Navik (GD) is the department of the Naviks of General Duty.

c. Navik(DB) :Navik (DB) is the department of the Naviks of Domestic Branch.


4. What is the working culture in ICG?

The service in ICG is not just a employment, but a lifestyle.Life onboard a Coast Guard ship is engaging, adventurous and challenging. It includes task from saving human lives at sea and assisting fishermen in peril, to apprehending poachers and preserving marine biodiversity.. Each day at sea is filled with promise, and each mission is different in an inimitable way. It's a challenging lifestyle which the brave and the adventurous can forward to. A job which teaches nation before self, the act of brotherhood and the skills of surviving challenges with ease.


5. What are the Knowledge areas that one needs?

The knowledge areas are described according to the post one joins into, for eg: A personnel joining as Lawyer must have a Law degree and for an officer to join as a Mechanical Engineer they must possess a B. Tech degree. The knowledge areas are not pre defined as the training is provided during the training period to suit the job demands.

However Maths, English and Science at basic level are required for Sailor's entry.

The joining at Officer's level requires a bachelor's degree suitable for the post.


6. What are skills that are required?

The skills that are tested at the recruitment for both the Entries are:

a.Commitment to serve the country

b. Robust physical health

c. Team player

d. Dedication

e. Disciplined outlook

f. Leadership ability

g.Fit to serve offshore

h. Honesty

However there is a significant difference in skills demanded for the different entries.


7. What abilities one should have to join ICG?

The abilities that are common to both the entries are:

a) Physical fitness

b) Verbal skills

c) Mathematical Reasoning

d) Analytical thinking

e) Stress tolerance

8. Personality traits one should have to join ICG?

The qualities that are assessed during Selection Interviews for Officer entry are called as Officer like Qualities (OLQs).


The 15 Officer Like Qualities (OLQ’s) are broadly classified into 4 factors:


Factor 1: Planning and Organizing

1. Effective Intelligence:Effective Intelligence is the competency of a person to tackle practical problems and find out the best effective solution using all the available resources.

2. Reasoning Ability:It tests the logical and rational thinking of a person under extreme situations and evaluating other solutions and choosing the best one.

3. Organizing Ability:It tests the ability of a person to arrange the resources and schedule adopted by him in daily life. The organizing ability reflects the clarity of thoughts.

4. Power of Expression:It tests the ability of a person to express his thoughts clearly and put across his ideas effectively irrespective of the language.


Factor 2: Social Adjustment

5. Social Adaptability:It is the ability of a person to adjust well with the surroundings, the people esp. his colleagues, superiors and subordinates.

6. Cooperation:The phrase “one-man army” is a misnomer in the dictionary of defence as teamwork is the most important aspect. Cooperation is the ability of a person to

7. Sense of Responsibility:It is the ability of a person to take up duties and execute the task to the fullest.


Factor 3: Social Effectiveness

8. Initiative:A mark of a great leader is to take the first step in an unfamiliar condition, sustain it and complete the task assigned to him.

9. Self Confidence:It is the faith in oneself to accomplish to task successfully. It is the quintessential trait of a great leader.

10. Speed of decision:At times of war, a quick decision can save countless lives and also can lead to winning a war. Hence the speed of decision is of utmost importance.

11. Ability to influence the group:A leader motivates his soldiers and faces the enemy even when the odds are against him. A candidate must have this ability to inspire others and convince them to achieve the desired objective.

12. Liveliness:A candidate must have the capacity to remain happy at all times when facing stressful situations. A leader must be cheerful and inspire his colleagues and juniors to be the same.


Factor 4: Dynamic

13. Determination:The determination is the tenacity to succeed even after facing numerous setbacks in pursuing a cause. A great leader should be determined to achieve his target even after when it seems too difficult to achieve.

14. Courage:Courage is the ability of a person to pursue what is morally correct even when the situation is not favourable.

15. Stamina:It is the endurance and capacity to withstand physical as well as mental stress. It is a test of will power to sustain the strain and achieve desired goals.


9. What is the eligibility criteria?

Medical Standards:As per laid down procedures, updated from time to time. However, broad guidelines are as follows,


(a) Height.

(i) Asst Commandant (GD) and Technical: 157 cms minimum. Reduction in height for candidates from hilly areas and tribal areas will be in accordance with the Central Govt. regulations.

(ii) Asst Commandant (Pilot) and Asst Commandant Commercial Pilot License (CPL) holders for Short Service Appointment (Men/Women): Minimum Hight 162.5 cms, Minimum leg length 99 cms.


(b) Weight.

Proportionate to the Height and Age, + 10 % acceptable.


(c) Chest.

Well proportionate, minimum expansion 5 cms.


(d) Eye Sight.

(i) Asst Commandant (GD)

6/6 6/9 – Uncorrected without Glass.

6/6 6/6 - Corrected with Glass.


(ii) Asst Commandant GD(Pilot)

6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in other /CPL Holders SSA

correctable to 6/6.


(iii) Asst Commandant (Tech)

6/36 6/36–Uncorrected without Glass.

6/6 6/6 - Corrected with Glass.


(iv) Asst Commandant (Law)

6/60 6/60 -Uncorrected without Glass.

6/6 6/12- Corrected with Glass


10. What is the selection procedure?

Sailor's entry

The selection process for Sailor entry is:The 'Online' Applications will be sorted out Centre wise. The conduct of test is planned.

The Selection procedure is as follows:-

(a) Short-listing criteria will be based on higher percentage of marks for a particular examination Centre.


(b) The qualifying cut off percentage(%) of a particular Centre may be increased if more number of applications with higher percentage is received.


(c) The written examination will be of objective type, which will generally cover subjects such as Maths, Physics, basic Chemistry, knowledge of English upto 12th standard, general knowledge, current affairs, quantitative aptitude and reasoning etc.


(d) Those who qualify written examination will undergo Physical Fitness Test (PFT) and the testing procedure will take about 2 days. Physically Challenged candidates are not eligible to apply for this examination.


(e) Physical Fitness Test (PFT). PFT will be conducted for all those who qualify the written tests. All candidates are advised to be in possession of sport rig (Shoe, T-shirt, Trouser etc). The PFT consists of:- (i) 1.6 Km run to be completed in 7 minutes. (ii) 20 Squat ups (Uthak Baithak) (iii) 10 Push up. Candidates undergoing PFT will do so at their own risk.


(f) Based on the performance in the written examination, candidates will be shortlisted for initial recruitment medical examination (Preliminary) in a ratio as may be decided by the Indian Coast Guard.


(g) The select list will be prepared from the candidates who qualify in all the tests depending upon the available vacancies. The Zone wise select list of candidates will be displayed in the Indian Coast Guard Website


Officer's entry

The selection process isis consists of two stages.

(a) Short listing of Applications: Short listing criteria will be based on higher percentage of marks in the qualifying examination and the qualifying cut off for a particular branch or centre may be increased more than 60% if more applications with higher %are received.


Stage -I

(b) Preliminary Selection. Shortlisted candidates will be called for Preliminary Selection at given date and time which will consist of Mental Ability Test/ Cognitive Aptitude Test and Picture Perception & Discussion Test (PP&DT). The aptitude test will be in English only and will be objective type. During PP&DT the candidates are expected to speak and discuss in English. However they are free to speak in Hindi if they wish to do so. Date/ time and venue of Preliminary Selection once allotted will not be changed at any stage. Candidates are required to appear at the centre with required documents.


Stage -II

(c) Candidates having completed their Degree must be in possession of Original / Provisional Degree issued by the University . All eligible candidates will undergo Biometric profiling.

Final Selection. The candidates qualifying above Preliminary Selection will be called for Final Selection date and venue for Final Selection Board (FSB) will be uploaded on Indian Coast Guard website www.joinindiancoastguard.gov.in .The Final Selection Board will consist of Psychological Test, Group Task and Interview (Personality test). All documents/certificates verified during PSB are also required to be produced in originals during FSB.


(d) Medicals. All candidates recommended by Final Selection Board will undergo Medical examination at nearest Military Hospital. Candidates for GD (Pilot) and CPL will undergo medical at AFCME, Delhi/ IAM, Bengaluru.


(e) PABT& CPSS. GD (Pilot) candidates on qualifying FSB will be required to appear for PABT and CPSS at Dehradun/Mysore AFSBs. Those already qualified PABT& CPSS are to provide details of batch, Chest number and place while filling up PIQ forms during FSB.


(f) Validity of Selection. The candidate's selection pertaining to a particular batch is valid for that batch only. Qualified candidates whose names do not appear in the final merit list will have no rights for automatic selection for the next batch. Such candidates will have to undergo the selection procedure afresh provided that they meet the eligibility criteria for the fresh batch.


(g) Reasons for Rejection. The candidature of a candidate can be rejected at any time during the process of selection if (i) having detected not meeting any of the above laid down criteria/ conditions of educational qualifications, age, submission of wrong information in the application or false certificates etc. (ii) act of indiscipline activities including copying, cheating, malpractices or data recording during any of the testing procedures.


11. The Job Outlook?

The single most important factor for the Coast Guard today, are the Officers and Men who ultimately meet the challenges at sea. Service in Coast Guard is not merely an employment.


The salary of an Officer , according to the 7th pay Commission is:


The salary of a Sailor is :

a.For Navik(GD)

b. For Navik (DB)

c. Yantrik


11. Frequently Asked Question?

a. How will I be trained?

The officers of all branches including GD branch undergo Naval Orientation Course at INA, Ezhimala in Kerala for 22 weeks. On successful completion, the officers depending upon their branch are deputed to various training establishments. Similarly the Navik and Yantriks are on successful completion of training at INS Chilka are deputed for various course to training establishments and ships. Training in Coast Guard is an area of focus where best of the training practices are applied .

b. What are the benefits and Allowances of Indian Coast Guard as Sailor?

1. The promotion is depended on the performance and knowledge of the employees. So, the deserving employees will always have their chance to be promoted.

2. Earned leave of 45 days along with Casual Leave of 8 days is given to the employees.

3. The employees get free medical and dental care at the time of their duty and they also get medical cover for family.

4. The employees can get an insurance cover up to Rs. 40 lakhs which will be paid on a minimum monthly basis at a premium of Rs. 4, 000.

5. The employees are provided with canteen and various loan facilities.

6. The employees get entitled rations and government lodging for himself and his family.

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