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Career as a Sociologist

Who is a sociologist?

Sociologists are someone who works for society and is involved in designing research projects to help solve social issues. They study social, cultures, groups, organizations and the processes involved in the interaction between them. Sociologists work on the new data related to the society through interviews,surveys, questionnaires. They either work in office or in the field based on interest.

What does a sociologist do?

They work in a research organization, colleges and universities, regional and federal government and consulting service firms. They use a variety of methods to study society and social behaviour and examine their behavior in the real word.

Work done by the sociologists is used by the administrators and social workers to form new public policies. Sociology is a very broad subject. Everything in the social arena is available for study and specialization. Sociologists study people's social lives, activities, behaviours, interactions, processes, and organizations within the context of larger social, political, and economic forces. They even examine how social influences affect different individuals and groups, and the ways organizations and institutions affect people's lives. Sociologists learn about society as a whole by studying face-to-face interactions, group interactions, and even by studying large-scale historical events that have and are still affecting entire civilizations.

Sociologists work in this form:

  1. They design research to prove the test theories.

  2. Collection of data.

  3. Analyzingdata, drawing conclusions.

  4. Preparing a report, or article.

  5. Consult with clients and advise.

Work Environment:

Sociologists typically work in an office occasionally working in the field for research purposes to collect data. The typical work environment for a sociologist to work is:

1. Professional schools, Universities and Colleges.

2. Research and development in the social sciences and humanities.

3. Under local government.

4. Management, scientific and technical consulting services.

Knowledge area that are needed to be a sociologist:

  1. Sociology: Knowledge of society,culture,gender,feminist,social movements,family,inequality.

  2. Anthropology: Knowledge of social structures,rage,gender, sexuality,social norms.

  3. Law and Government: Knowledge of law, Criminology, court procedures,govt regulations,agency rules, and the democratic political process.

  4. Politics: Knowledge of politics, public policies, citizenship, socialmovements, social power.

  5. English language: Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules and composition and grammar.

  6. Demographic:Knowledge of demographic,population, religion, ethnicity.


  1. Analytical skills: Sociologists should be able to carefully analyze data and various information, utilizing statistical processes to test their theories.

  2. Communication skills: Sociologists need strong communication skills for the ease of understanding and conveying information like conducting interviews,collaborating with colleagues, and presenting research results.

  3. Critical-thinking skills: Sociologists must be able to think critically when doing research. They design research projects and collect, process, and analyze data to draw logical conclusions about society and the groups it withholds.

  4. Problem-solving skills: Sociologists’ research is focused on identifying, studying, and solving sociological problems.

  5. Writing skills: Sociologists need to write reports, articles and detailed findings.


  1. Good communication: sociologists are supposed to have good communication skills to make interactions in the field to get needed data.

  2. Written comprehension: to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

  3. Deductive reasoning: the ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

  4. Language fluency: ability to speak fluently in the required language.

  5. Analytical: good with analyzing data to perform the research properly and drawing conclusions.

  6. Team Work: ability to work in team structure.

Work Activities :

  1. Interacting with Computers : Using computers and entering data, or process information.

  2. Getting Information : Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

  3. Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates : Providing information to supervisors, coworkers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

  4. Documenting/Recording Information : Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

  5. Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships : Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.


  1. Attention to details: job requires being careful about the details given.

  2. Integrity: job requires being honest and ethical.

  3. Analytical Thinking: job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work related issues.

  4. Cooperation: Job requires being good with others in the workplace and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

  5. Achievement: Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

  6. Independence: Occupations that allow employees to work on their own and make their own decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

  7. Support: Occupations who offer supportive management and stand behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.


A graduate with bachelor's degree or a Master’s degree student or a PhD student can work as a sociology research assistant, Public Relations, Marketing& Sales, Consumer Research, Human Resources (Personnel Management),Insurance, Real Estate ,Training, Entrepreneurship, Media and some work in

Social services sectors

  1. Non-profit Agencies

  2. Urban Planning

  3. Child Care

  4. Community Development

  5. Environmental Groups

  6. Advocacy

Health Services Sector

  1. Family Planning

  2. Substance Abuse Education

  3. Rehabilitation Counseling

  4. Hospital Admissions

  5. Health Insurance Providers

Higher Education Sector

  1. Admissions

  2. Advising

  3. Alumni Relations

  4. Development

  5. Administrative Support

Law Sector

  1. Law Enforcement

  2. Investigations

  3. Probation and Parole Administration

  4. Criminal Justice

  5. Judicial Affairs

  6. Attorney

  7. Paralegal

Publishing Sector

  1. Professional Writing

  2. Research

  3. Editing

  4. Journalism

Social Services Sector

  1. Rehabilitation

  2. Case Management

  3. Youth and Elderly Services

  4. Recreation

  5. Administration

  6. Social Work

  7. Local, State and Federal Agencies

Teaching Sector

  1. Elementary Teaching

  2. Secondary Teaching

  3. Special Education

  4. Teaching English as a second language

Job Outlook:

New job opportunities are available in the future. But it should be noted that salary is purely based on your skills, if you have limited skills and haven’t attended a Tier 1 institute, your salary could be as low as INR 6,000 – 8,000 per month at the entry-level.

Best Colleges for studying sociology:

  1. Loyola College Chennai, - Tamil Nadu - For fees refer to the site.

  2. Lovely Professional University, - Jalandhar, Punjab - Rs. 53,200/-

  3. Christ University, - Bangalore, Karnataka - Rs. 40,000/-

Frequently asked questions

Q) What is some good advice for a sociology student?

Foremost important thing is to be regular to your institution because attending regular class will help with understanding of each topic and it helps in maintaining a close contact with the professor which helps in bonding for your grading and future guidance.

Write an article about the topic you find yourself interested in will help you in making a strong ground of understanding in the subject.

Q) What is it like being a sociologist?

The idea of being a sociologist is close to the society in itself, it makes you a social worker and a good citizen. You get to work for the society and give your important contributions to the world, you can work in NGOs , social service, health care, government institutions, overall, it's a work of dedication and teamwork.

Being a sociologist is a team effort you have to work with a team of professionals working with your unique skills.

Q) What is the difference between a sociologist and a psychologist?

Sociologists work in understanding and betterment of a complete society whereas psychologists work for the betterment of a single individual behavior and mental processes. Sociologists focus on social problems whereas psychologists focus on individual problems.

Sociologists explore behavior within groups, cultures, organizations whereas psychologists work on individual behavior.

Q) Is it worth studying sociology?

Trust me studying sociology is like the best thing, you find yourself involved in the society it's like being a part of the society and working towards its betterment. The pleasure being a sociology student is unexplainable, it helps in learning about the important aspects of the society and understanding of the past cultures, sexuality, and ideas and mindset of the people from the past.

Q) Are sociologists happy?

Sociologists are the happiest people; trust me you don't have to struggle if you have the interest in being a part of the society and learning about it. Sociology is interesting and the best subject if you are into working on a larger scale.

Sociologists don't have to worry about the advancement of technology as the advancement only helps in making it easier for them to be perfect.

Q) What are sociologists like?

Sociologists are believed to be friendly and communicative people who work for their society and the betterment of the society.

Sociologists must know to communicate and analyze things properly, they need to have good critical skills and understanding of the society.

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