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Career as a Meteorologist

Who is a Meteorologist?

Meteorologists are with specialized education on the principle to explain, understand, observe or forecast the earth's atmospheric phenomena and how it affects life on earth. They study meteorological phenomena and daily weather forecasts. They study Earth's atmosphere and its interaction with the Earth's surface, the oceans and the biosphere.

What do they do?

They look at long term weather data and patterns from hundreds to millions of years ago in order to help predict future climate trends. They study the atmosphere's motions and physical characteristics and how they could, or do affect the environment. They also apply their research to forestry, agriculture, global warming trends, air pollution control, wind direction, wind speed, temperature, humidity and air pressure. They develop new instruments and tools with computers and mathematical methods in order to forecast the weather in a more up to date manner.

Kinds of Meteorologists:

  1. Weather forecasters: it is an application of science and technology to predict the conditions of the atmosphere for a given location and time.

  2. Climatologists: they analyze climate patterns to provide an understanding of the conditions of a particular area, and help the citizens of that area adapt to their surroundings.

  3. Researchers in Atmospheric Sciences: it is the study of the earth's atmosphere and its various inner working physical processes.

  4. Consulting Meteorologists

  5. Lecturers: who teaches in colleges and universities.

  6. Weather broadcasters: Broadcast meteorologists and weather broadcasters are employed at local TV stations, national media outlets, National Network morning shows, Cable/Satellite weather outlets, radio stations, and online outlets from weather businesses.

Workplace of a meteorologist?

They work in government agencies, private consulting and research services, industrial enterprises, utilities, radio and television stations, and in education. Not to be confused with weather presenters who are most often journalists presenting the weather forecast in the media, having just minimal training in meteorology.

Knowledge area of a Meteorologist:

  1. Higher mathematics: mathematical knowledge is very much needed for being a meteorologist as it requires good knowledge of numbers.

  2. Advanced physics and chemistry: physics and chemistry knowledge is needed for research purposes.

  3. Good computer proficiency: Computer management is a required skill for the workers.

  4. Earth Science fields: understanding and knowledge of the earth's atmosphere and its surface is needed.

Skills and Abilities:

  1. Excellent written and verbal communication skills: required to communicate specialist information to non-specialists

Personality –

  1. Attention to Detail: Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  2. Integrity: Job requires being honest and ethical.

  3. Dependability: Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  4. Analytical Thinking: Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

  5. Cooperation: Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

  6. Achievement: Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

  7. Independence: Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

  8. Support: Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.


BSc degree in Meteorology or Atmospheric Sciences. Another option is to first get a BSc in Mathematics, Physical Sciences, or Engineering and then follow an MSc Course in Meteorology. Teaching, research or management positions usually require an MSc degree or a PhD


IIT - Kharagpur

Courses in physics and meteorology

Cochin University of Science and Technology

Diploma in Meteorology for one year

Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Fatehgunj.

B.Sc in Meteorology.

Shivaji University, Vidyanagar, Kolhapur

B.Sc in Meteorology along with Oceanography.

IIT Delhi,

10 Course in atmospheric, environment and ocean modeling.

Job Outlook:

Starting salary of a meteorologist is up to Rs. 2L per annum.

Experienced salary of a meteorologist is up to Rs. 6L per annum.

Frequently asked questions:

Q) Is Meteorology a good career option?

Meteorology has a very good scope in India. Many reputed colleges and universities provide the course to be a meteorologist with an affordable amount of fees plus scholarship.

Q) Steps to becoming a Meteorologist

Meteorologists start with an interest in science, climate and weather, and the atmosphere. It continues with choosing high school courses that support this interest. And it culminates with university education that opens the door to career options.

Q) What are Meteorologists like?

Meteorologists tend to be predominately investigative people and they work with a two-stage investigative model. First, they identify the initial state of the atmosphere, that is, the temperature, pressure, wind strength and direction, and humidity concentration over a specific area. They continuously make observations using ground-level sensors, satellites, radar, aircraft, and balloons.

Q) How long does it take to become a Meteorologist?

It depends on your interest and what you want to become. It takes a 4 year bachelor's degree plus for a high position requires a masters and research position requires a PhD.

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