WHAT IS HOME SCIENCE?
Home Science is concerned with the home, health and happiness of all the people living in it. As a field of specialization, Home Science draws its content from courses in both science and art. Home economics, domestic science or home science is a field of study that deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live. Home economics courses are offered internationally and across multiple educational levels.
WHAT ARE THE CAREERS IN HOME SCIENCE?
Apparel industry's production managers.
Work with a variety of materials including man-made and natural textiles, leather, fur, plastics and metals
Provide nutritional counselling and create a clinical treatment plan
Evaluate the nutritional needs of patients
Develop fabrics for furnishings, clothing, household items, medical supplies, or textiles for use within the automotive industry
Schedule home maintenance and repair work, and supervise the project
Manage the household schedules and calendar evaluating the nutritional value, colour, flavour and texture of food
Work closely with other food production staff including microbiologists, engineers, packaging specialists and buyers
Prepare and implement learning and skills development plans for targeted population, on a weekly and/or monthly basis.
Prepare instructional, developmental, and recreational materials, facilities, and equipment’s
TYPES OF HOME SCIENCE WORKERS (Crèche, Day care Centre and Pre-schools)
Those who study home science and have good knowledge of home keeping and child care are capable of running Crèches, Day Care Centres and Play Schools. Children up to the age of 12 or 13 years require personal attention at home and school. So, these home science graduates make good care takers and pre-school teachers. In this sector the waged employment options available are in the form of a Nursery school teacher/coordinator, Anganwadi worker/ supervisor, nursery or pre-primary school teacher/ principal. If you are interested in self-employment you can run your own pre-school or open a day care centre at home.
Home science is taught in almost all the secondary and senior secondary schools. Teachers with a Bachelor’s degree and a background of Home Science as a main subject in their high school are eligible to teach the students. Besides schools they can also teach in polytechnic institutions, industrial training institutions, degree colleges, Hotel management and catering institutions and more. If you are interested in working as a self-employed professional then you can open up your own coaching classes, or teach small groups of students at home.
Food Preparation and Preservation
You can get into huge manufacturing units and companies that preserve vegetable fruits and food in the form of marmalades, jams and pickles. You can also work for companies as a quality control assistant, instructor/ in-charge of community canning centre, production assistant or laboratory assistant for such companies. You can also become self-employed and conduct classes at home for small groups wherein you can teach how to cook and related techniques.
Catering and Food
Food is a very common and wide requirement. Everyone loves eating food outside their homes. With a Home Science degree in hand, a person can join a huge restaurant or hotel as a manager, house-keeping in-charge or any similar position. As a waged employee you can work with food supply chains, restaurants and hotels as managers, waiters/waitresses and chefs. If you wish to be self- employed, then the options are own a restaurant or cafeteria, door to door tiffin service, mobile catering service and tea/ coffee shops.
Bakery and Confectionary Stores
With the skills and creativity in place home science students can setup confectionary stores or have their own bakery where they can prepare and sell their products. You can either work for a bakery or start your own.
Other segments which could accommodate home science graduates are interior decoration, social service, garment designing/ textile designing and tailoring.
EDUCATION QUALIFICATION REQUIRED
Students applying for post-graduation course in Home science should have a graduate degree in home science or any equivalent field from a recognized university. Some institutions require completion of 10+2 with physics, chemistry or biology as subjects in order to get admission for undergraduate course in home science.
KNOWLEDGE AREAS REQUIRED
Arts and Humanities
Education and Training
Teaching and course design
Math and Science
Talking to others
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions
People and Technology Systems
Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it
Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it
Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
Communicate by speaking
Read and understand what is written
Ideas and Logic
Use rules to solve problems
Make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information
People interested in this work like activities that include helping people, teaching, and talking.
Concern for Others
Self – control
You might use software like this on the job:
Computer based training software
Word processing software
Google Docs Hot Technology
Microsoft Word Hot Technology
Electronic mail software
Microsoft Outlook Hot Technology
Those with home science as a subject background, can find job opportunities in the production industry, tourism industry, service industry, or are suitable for teaching jobs, technical or sales jobs. Self- employment is also an apt career choice. One can work independently as research analyst or nutrition consultant.
Most Colleges/Institutes provide admission on the basis of Class 12th percentage. Some institutes also conduct interviews.
Most college have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII with Science Stream or Home Science as one of the subjects.
M.Sc. Home Science is available as a course only in select colleges with specialization in different fields.
Some colleges have mandatory requirement of having passed Class XII with at least one of Physics, Chemistry or Biology/ Home Science
Recommended Subjects - Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Home Science for Lectureship in Home Science, National Educational Test (NET) or Ph.D. is mandatory
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What are home science subjects?
(Home Science) is a degree course that includes the study of many disciplines such as chemistry, physics, physiology, biology, hygiene, economics, rural development, child development, sociology and family relations, community living, art, food, nutrition, clothing, textiles, and home management.
What is BSc in home science?
Generally, the undergraduate course (BSc) in home science comprises of major study topics such as physics, chemistry, biology, physiology, hygiene, sociology, rural development, economics, child development, family relations, community living, arts, food, nutrition, textiles, clothing and home management.
What can I do after 12th home science?
After completing graduation in Home science one can go for courses like Masters in Home science, Masters Course in Fashion Designing / Textile Designing, Dietetics, Counselling, Teaching, Social Work, Development Studies, Entrepreneurship, Mass Communication, Catering Technology etc.
What is importance of home science?
Home Science education deals with all aspects of home and family management. It is both an art and science. It's an 'art' because it helps you manage your resources in a skilful manner, and it's a 'science' because it helps you improve your family life by offering you knowledge in the field
Is Home Science an art or science?
Home science is a scientific course of study which moulds a student with a variety of life skills. This is a unique discipline with a blend of science and art. It does not limit itself to the home-related skills of cooking, laundry, decoration and stitching
Is Home Science easy?
HOME SCIENCE is one of the easiest subject in NIOS because most of the marks of home science is consisted by its practical exam and very little marks are consisted by theory exam.
What are the pros of home science?
Provides a wide scope of subjects to study and specialize in
It is a professional field of study
Good prospects in terms of salary and job
What are the cons of home science?
Only for people who love biology and sciences
No other con as such